Born 1895 in Málaga. Spanish writer and critic.
Bergamín made his literary debut in 1923 with a book of aphorisms The Rocket and the Star. He took part in the democratic movement; at the time of the Popular Front (1936–39) he was president of the Union of Antifascist Intelligentsia. Bergamí n was in exile from 1939 to 1958; in 1963 he went to Uruguay and then to France. He was a member of the World Peace Council. His works include the collection Rash Actions (1933), a book on the work of F. Goya, The Statue of Don Tancredo (1934), and a book of satirical verses. In the plays The Daughter of God (1942) and The Girl Partisan (1945), Bergamí n, inspired by the heroic deeds of Zoia Kosmodem’ianskaia, wrote of the popular resistance to fascism. He published the collections of essays The Art of the Word (1957), Upon Returning (1962), and ,4 Muffled Voice (1964).
WORKSIn Russian translation:
“My zashchishchaem Kul’turu.” Internatsional’ naia literatura, 1937, no. 7.
REFERENCESKel’in, F. “Kh’ose Bergamin.” Internatsional’naya literatura, 1942, nos. 3–5.
Fevral’skii, A. “P’esy ispanskikh respublikantsev.” Teatr, 1945, nos. 3–4.
V. K. IASNYI