Berg

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Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
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 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
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 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
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.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
With the Berge Everett, Tractebel has expanded its LNG shipping portfolio to seven vessels that are either owned or under long-term charter.
Ten Berge's verse is obviously not addressed to the casual reader.
Even if the entire work crew were to wear the stun belt, a guard with a gun would watch over them, says Berge. "The statute says one of the guards will be armed."
Berge now has 85 points, ahead of Tresarrieu and Smolinski on 82, with one-time Newcastle favourite Franc next on 67.
And I hope this proves to our supporters that we are doing our best to put things right, starting with these Bandits tonight!" Scott Courtney, Berwick's boss, is looking forward to the match, saying: "The Bears have been a team in turmoil, but are starting to get their act together and have two ex-Bandits in now in the form of Jorgensen and Berge who, on their day can take a good few scalps.
Nearest the Pins: Dagfrid Berge (hole 12) & Uno Vencenzini (hole 16)
On a team with no superstar and a serious pack-running mentality, Berge has been one of the few Ducks whose individual results have been trending upward in recent weeks.
"The year in review was the fourth year of consecutive revenue growth, and lays a strong foundation from which to refine the company going forward," Mr Berge said.
Berge said the agreement had been concluded under the guidance of the company's chairman Shaikh Daij bin Salman Al Khalifa.
"The next two years will see a unification of Asry's full portfolio of offerings, and the growth strategy for the near-future will be two-fold: firstly a full reorganisation of the company's internal structure will streamline the labour force and physical assets to be able to efficiently maintain our excellent operational quality and safety standards and, secondly, we will be leveraging the yard's in-house expertise to continue to expand into diversified territory such as consultancy and new-building, said Berge.
Berge joins Theo Pijper, Anders Thomsen and Rusty Harrison in the Tigers team so far - leaving 19.06 points available for the final three riders.
Later, Les Echos quoted France Telecom CEO Stephane Richard as saying that his company was still in a search for a Dailymotion partner that would assist in expanding the business outside of Europe.Country: FranceSector: Media, IT/Online ServicesTarget: Dailymotion SABuyer: Vivendi SA, Pierre Berge, Matthieu Pigasse, Xavier NielVendor: France Telecom SAType: Corporate acquisitionStatus: Bidding, Speculation