Liberated by British soldiers in 1945, Bergen-Belsen
was part prisoner-of-war camp, part Jewish transit camp (where Jewish prisoners were sent before being moved on to death camps), situated in northwestern Germany.
Rudi and his brother Paul left on the last ever train to leave Bergen-Belsen
and after travelling for 14 days and nights, awoke to find they were finally free and headed to London to join their uncle, aunt and sister who had escaped to England earlier.
Despite this, Rudi and his family were sent to Bergen-Belsen
In February 1944 the family was deported to Bergen-Belsen
in Germany, when Rudi was 12, Paul 15, and Eve only seven.
Behind the fences of the notorious Bergen-Belsen
concentration camp, which had been under SS control, the 11th Armoured Division found thousands of dead and dying Jews.
was a prisoner of war camp for Russian POWs; an 'exchange camp' where privileged Jews were held pending possible exchanges; a reception camp for thousands of concentration camp prisoners from the East who were force-marched or transported out of the path of the Russian troops in 1945; and finally a DP (Displaced Persons) Camp in the German Wehrmacht barracks in the immediate vicinity for Jewish survivors from 1945 until 1950.
In the Bergen-Belsen
concentration camp more than 50,000 people from more than 20 countries were the victims of mass murder.
Mr Jacov Friedler, now aged 71, wrote to the then Queen in 1946 after he found that his mother, Hennie, had survived the camp at Bergen-Belsen
in northern Germany, but had been denied entry into Britain.
She died in Bergen-Belsen
from typhoid a year later.
Holocaust Memorial Museum about her time at Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen
, and in a factory making plane parts in Germany, can be heard here.
THE Queen yesterday paid her respects to the tens of thousands of people who died in the Bergen-Belsen
In the mid-1940s, newsreel footage of the Allied liberation of Bergen-Belsen
, Dachau, and Buchenwald horrified viewers across the world.