Bergenia


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Bergenia

 

a genus of perennial grasses of the family Saxi-fragaceae.

The stem of Bergenia is shortened and has a fleshy rhizome. The leaves are large, leathery, and radical. On the flower stalk there are 20–40 red or white bell-shaped florets, most often in a corymbose cluster. There are 11 species of Bergenia, found primarily in Central and East Asia; four of these species are found in the USSR. The most important is Siberian tea (B. crassifolia), which is found in the mountainous regions of Eastern Siberia and in northern Mongolia, where it forms large fields in some places. Siberian tea has long been grown as a decorative plant. Bergenia has industrial value (it is used in tanning) and medicinal value. It is a source of tannin, gallic acid, arbutin, and other chemicals.

REFERENCE

Borisova, A. G. “Badan (Bergenia Moench): ego sistematika i khoziaistvennoe znachenie.” Trudy Botanicheskogo in-ta AN SSSR Ser. 5. 1956, issue 4.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Beth Chatto, one of the best gardeners in the UK, rates bergenias highly, writes about them often and, more to the point, uses them throughout her lovely garden.
Fritsch, a species in the Bergenia genus belongs to the family Saxifragaceae, the order Rosales, is commonly known as badan (Rus = [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), Siberian tea, Mongolian tea, leather bergenia, or elephant's ears.
Families Species Parts of the plant Schisandraceae Schisandra chinensis Vine, berry, leaf Saxifragaceae Bergenia pacifica Leaf Berberidaceae Berberis amurensis Leaf Caprifoliaceae Viburnum sargentii Leaf, berry Grossulariaceae Ribes mandshuricum Leaf Rutaceae Phellodendron amurense Fruit Rosaceae Aronia melanocarpa Fruit Rosa acicularis Fruit Araliaceae Eleutherococcus senticosus Leaf Panax ginseng Leaf, root Table 2: Morphometry of phytoliths of Berberis amurensis.
Today it is known as Bergenia cordifolia, the heart-leafed plant.
Adult beetles feed on the leaves of many herbaceous plants and shrubs, including rhododendron, euonymus, epimedium and bergenia.
Depending on the aspect you can grow a whole tapestry of delights, try Heuchera, Sedum, Ajuga and Bergenia.
Bergenia, often called elephants ears, got a stuffy reputation from being overused in dowdy Victorian shrubberies.
In MNP, grey goral was recorded in moist temperate coniferous forests that included plant species such as Pinus wallichiana (Blue pine), Abies pindrow (Fir), Picea smithiana (Indian Spruce), Cedrus deodara (Himalayan cedar), and Quercus floribunda (Oak); shrubs Viburnum nervosum (Viburnum), Indigofera heterantha (Indigo Bush), Berberis aristata (Indian Barberry), Betula utilis (Himalayan birch), Juniperus communis (common juniper), and the herbs Bergenia stracheyi (Rockfoil), Impatiens edgeworthii (Himalayan balsam), Rumex nepalensis (Nepal Dock), Polygonum amplexicaule (Bistort) and Artimisia spp.
BERGENIA is a plant I associate with older gardens, perhaps it just isn't so fashionable nowadays.
Winter evergreen perennials are few and far between but exceedingly useful, Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea' is one of the best.
Bergenia codifolia (heart-shaped leaves remember) is also known as Elephant's Ears and Pig Squeak, the latter because when you rub two leaves together, they squeak