Bering Strait


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Related to Bering Strait: Bering strait land bridge

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Bering Strait,

c.55 mi (90 km) wide, between extreme NE Asia and extreme NW North America, connecting the Arctic Ocean and the Bering Sea. It is usually completely frozen over from October to June. The Diomede IslandsDiomede Islands
, pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses.
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 are in the strait. The narrowness of the strait makes it possible for small boats to cross from Chukchi Peninsula, NE Russia, to Seward Peninsula in Alaska. The strait is named for the Danish explorer Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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, who traversed it in 1728.

During the Ice Age, Alaska and Siberia were connected by land where the strait now is, and many archaeologists believe that ancestors of Native Americans crossed the land bridge to North America. Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, on the Seward Peninsula, is a remnant of the land bridge (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table). See also Americas, antiquity and prehistory of theAmericas, antiquity and prehistory of the,
study of the origins of the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. Archaeologists believe humans had entered and occupied much of the Americas by the end of the Pleistocene epoch, but the date of their original entry into the Americas is
..... Click the link for more information.
.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bering Strait

 

a strait between Asia and North America joining the Arctic Ocean (Chukchi Sea) and the Pacific Ocean (Bering Sea). Its width ranges from 35 to 86 km and its depth reaches 42 m. The Diomede Islands divide it into three passages. Warmer surface water from the Bering Sea crosses the strait to the north, and cold water from the Arctic Ocean crosses the south in the western coastal zone. The strait is covered with drifting ice from October to August. The state border between the USSR and the USA passes through the strait between the Diomede islands. During the Anthropogenic period, land bridges between Eurasia and North America developed more than once on the site of the Bering Strait. The Bering Strait was first crossed by the cossack S. I. Dezhnev and by F. A. Popov (better known in the literature by his patronymic F. Alekseev) during a trading expedition in 1648. It was later crossed in 1728 by the Russian expedition led by V. Bering, by whose name it is known. Portions of the coast were first charted in 1732 by I. Fedorov and M. Gvozdev.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bering Strait

a strait between Alaska and Russia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sweeney: In closing, I just want to make the point that while there are five regions that are considered the Arctic when you include some of the Doyon villages, the Arctic Slope region, NANA, Bering Straits, and the Aleut region, we need to blur those lines a little bit and as Alaskans we need to recognize that this state is what makes the US an Arctic nation.
The book is divided into three parts, each dealing with a particular segment of the history of trading activities in the Bering Strait region during the 18th to 20th centuries.
No stranger to international exploration, Steve has climbed mountains in Yugoslavia, sailed the coast of Panama by dugout canoe and travelled to the Ethiopian Highlands, Darien Rainforest, Bering Strait and Ultar Glacier, Hunza.
The Bering Strait deserves to have a good book written about it.
The Pacific waters that enter the Arctic via the Bering Strait exert a major influence on the Arctic Ocean's stratification, ice cover, and ecosystem.
Karl, 36, was ordered out of the Russian Far East yesterday after spending 15 days walking from Alaska across the frozen Bering Strait. Officials said he should have used a border point.
The father of British adventurer who was detained by Russian authorities after crossing the frozen Bering Strait is hoping his son's situation will be resolved today.
Santa dropped into Wales this week...Wales, Alaska Located at the western tip of the Seward Peninsula on Cape Prince of Wales, this American village is just 50 miles from Russia,across the Bering Strait Founded a century ago as a major whaling centre, a flu outbreak in 1918 decimated the outpost and today it is home to 160 people It still has a strong Kinugmiut Eskimo whaling culture, with residents travelling to nearby villages in large traditional skin boats.
In 1879 there were more theories than facts about exactly what could be found north of the Bering Strait. Could there be a continent up there, and a civilization, with strange people and animals?
TWO British men have became the first explorers to drive across the treacherous Bering Strait from Alaska to Siberia.
Pacific Ocean enters the Arctic via the Bering Strait. As the Pacific water passes through the shallow strait, it loses much of its heat to the atmosphere and consequently grows colder than the Atlantic water.