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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born 1209; died 1266. Khan of the Golden Horde in 1255–66; Jochi’s third son; Batu’s brother.

Under Berke the Golden Horde became virtually independent of the Mongol empire. Berke built Sarai-Berke on the Akhtuba (site of the fortified town of Tsarevskoe, near Volgograd), which became the new capital of the Golden Horde in the first half of the 14th century. Under Berke the Golden Horde conducted a population census in Russia in order to collect tribute (1257) and created the institution of baskaks (khan’s representatives and tax collectors) for collecting it. The actions of the baskaks caused more than one uprising (for instance, in 1259 in Novgorod and in 1262 in Rostov and Suzdal’). In the late 1250’s, Berke conducted a campaign against Lithuania. In 1262 he started a war with the Hulagu Mongols for the annexation of Azerbaijan to the Golden Horde. The beginning of the Islamization of the Golden Horde is connected with the name of Berke.


Grekov, B. D., and A. Iu. Iakubovskii. Zolotaia Orda i ee padenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
Al-Khuli, Amin. Sviazi mezhdu Nilom i Volgoi v Xlll-XlV vv. Moscow, 1962. (Translated from Arabic.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kona Grill announced that it has entered into securities purchase agreements with Nanyan Zheng and Berke Bakay, the company's president and CEO, to raise approximately $5.6M through the issuance of 3,144,258 shares of common stock at a per share purchase price of $1.785, which represents a 5% premium to the closing bid price on May 1, 2018.
Bruce Berke, director of the state chapter of the National Federation of Independent Business, did not testify at the hearing, but he told NH Business Review, "Any time we can cut a broad income tax is a good thing for New Hampshire." Indeed, Berke seemed more interested in the l&D tax than the R&D tax credit, though he said, "We don't like to put one tax reduction against another.
Berke, director of Community Outreach and Public Relations for the Rhode Island judiciary, said the court adopted inactive status in part to address that problem.
M2 EQUITYBITES-January 8, 2018-Korn Ferry appoints Brad Berke as vice chairman of Supply Chain Management Center of Expertise
Among the alternatives, Allison Berke, executive director of the Stanford Cyber Initiative, said, "Ethereum is the largest cryptocurrency after Bitcoin, and is designed as a platform for executing smart contracts, so it has functionalities in its software, the Ethereum Virtual Machine, that Bitcoin lacks, including the ability to reference other contracts on the Ethereum blockchain, delay contract execution until an external trigger, and include multi-signature verification."
The pilot, Lieutenant Jay Cullen, 48, and Trooper-Pilot Berke Bates died at the scene.
Marine Corps Lieutenant-Colonel David Berke, a distinguished fighter pilot who has flown the F-18, F-16, and the only two 5th Generation fighter aircraft fielded today - the F-22 Raptor and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.
The team at Berke Executive Search anticipates requests for healthcare executives focused on first-in-class products that will redefine the treatment of COPD.
It will continue to be headed by Berke and CSZ's current management team.
Delivering a statement on the court steps on behalf of Harris' family, solicitor Daniel Berke said: "We are disappointed and saddened that the CPS have decided to take Rolf, who will be 86 years old at the end of March, on another trial.