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Berkeley (bûrˈklē), city (2020 pop. 124,321), Alameda co., W Calif., on the E shore of San Francisco Bay just N of Oakland; inc. 1878. Originally (1820) part of a Spanish rancho, the site was purchased by Americans in 1853. The city's population increased significantly after it was unaffected by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The main campus (1873) of the Univ. of California and several divinity schools are there. The campus was a focus of student unrest and the “counterculture” in the 1960s and early 1970s, and home to the 1964 “Free Speech” movement and continual conflict over control and use of “People's Park.” There is diverse manufacturing, including lab and medical instruments, fabricated metal products, construction materials, machinery, and chemicals. The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a scientific research center, is nearby. Berkeley experienced severe fires in 1923 and 1991.
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1. Busby. real name William Berkeley Enos. 1895--1976, US dance director, noted esp for his elaborate choreography in film musicals
2. George. 1685--1753, Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop, whose system of subjective idealism was expounded in his works A Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710) and Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713). He also wrote Essay towards a New Theory of Vision (1709)
3. Sir Lennox (Randal Francis). 1903--89, British composer; his works include four symphonies, four operas, and the Serenade for Strings (1939)
a city in W California, on San Francisco Bay: seat of the University of California. Pop.: 102 049 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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