Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
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, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Department of Energy's (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has designed a recyclable plastic that, like a Lego playset, can be disassembled into its constituent parts at the molecular level, and then reassembled into a different shape, texture, and color again and again without loss of performance or quality.
Department of Energy's Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, led by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Toyota Research Institute of North America at Ann Arbor, have led to a deeper understanding of the chemical breakdown that occurs within tens of nanometers of an electrode surface that causes to degrade battery performance.
Source: Berkeley Lab News Center, Chao, Ancient Pigment Can Boost Energy Efficiency
In a paper published Tuesday, the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) proposed a new design for a particle detector it said would expand the search for dark matter greatly, taking it "into an unexplored realm."
The new approach--developed by scientists at the Molecular Foundry at Berkeley Lab, in partnership with users from aBeam Technologies, based in Hayward, CA--speeds the production of nano-optics from several per month to several per day.
The solar industry has grown rapidly in recent years, and solar inverters, which turn the direct current from rooftop solar panels into alternating current that is fed back into the grid, are of particular interest to the Berkeley Lab project.
Based on regional climate simulations of 18 California counties, Berkeley Lab researchers found that the use of cool roofs reduced how much water is needed for urban irrigation.
A study by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Medical University of Graz has found that the skin microbiome also contains Archaea, a type of extreme-loving microbe, and that the amount of it varies with age.
homes, it will be increasingly important to value them accurately, using a variety of methods," Adomatis said in a Berkeley Lab news release.
Jackson, Ph.D., MAI, of College Station, Texas, were part of a multi-institutional research team of scientists led by Berkeley Lab, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, universities and real estate appraisers.

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