Berkeley Unix


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Berkeley Unix

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
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<p>McNealy cited a long list of Sun accomplishments, including the Network File System, the various editions of Java, Sparc's being the first 64-bit volume RISC architecture, and the company's contributions to open source, including its use of Berkeley Unix. "We were the Red Hat of Berkeley Unix," he said.
For example, MacOSX-10 is based on Darwin, an open-source variant of Berkeley UNIX. Here in the UK, large plcs such as Tesco routinely deploy open-source software within their organisations.And open-source operating systems such as Linux and NetBSD have become the software of choice if one needs to deploy high availability servers with minimal maintenance overheads.
While at Berkeley, Joy was the principal designer of the Berkeley UNIX operating system, which the Stanford alums thought would be perfect for their Stanford Univ.
(The article can be read at www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.04/ joy.html.) Joy was the key designer of Berkeley Unix and the man behind Sun's Java and Jini.
RCP is a Berkeley Unix feature that is typically used for binary file transfer between a Unix system and a PC.
Most of these versions are derived from some form of 4.2BSD or 4.3BSD Berkeley Unix. Some versions, like the SunOS release, have undergone substantial revision (especially at the kernel level).
Sun's networking environment uses SunOS, which is a merging of AT&T and Berkeley UNIX. Sun stations can connect to a wide variety of computers, including IBM, Apple, Hewlett Packard and DEC.
(He apparently chose MIT to throw detectives off his trail.) The key to his success was finding a security flaw in "Berkeley Unix," the "operating system" or basic software, used by many of the network's computers.
This particular worm, which actually consisted of a cluster of related computer programs, targeted computers that use an operating system known as Berkeley Unix 4.3.

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