Götz von Berlichingen

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Berlichingen, Götz von

(göts` fən bĕr`lĭkhĭng-ən), 1480–1562, German knight and adventurer. The head of a band of free soldiers, he lost (1504) his right hand in the battle of Landshut and wore an iron one in its place. His forays against various cities earned him popular fame. He reluctantly agreed to lead the peasants of Franconia during the Peasants' War (1524–26) but deserted them before their defeat. In 1542 he served with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V against the Turks and two years later fought against the French. His memoirs inspired Goethe's drama Götz von Berlichingen (1773).

Götz von Berlichingen:

see Berlichingen, Götz vonBerlichingen, Götz von
, 1480–1562, German knight and adventurer. The head of a band of free soldiers, he lost (1504) his right hand in the battle of Landshut and wore an iron one in its place. His forays against various cities earned him popular fame.
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Berlichingen, Götz (Gottfried) Von


Born 1480; died July 23, 1562. German imperial knight.

In 1514, while in the service of Duke Ulrich of Württem-berg, Berlichingen took part in the suppression of the “Poor Conrad” uprising. During the Peasants’ War (1524–26), Berlichingen found himself in personal conflict with the Swabian League and on Apr. 27, 1525, at the urgent request of W. Hipler, was chosen as commander of one of the peasant detachments in Franconia (the so-called Bright Detachment). At the end of May 1525, before a decisive battle with the troops of the Swabian League, he betrayed the peasants. Berlichingen wrote an autobiography (Lebensbeschreibung Herrn Gö tzes von Berlichingen, published by A. Leitzmann, 1916), in which he emerges as a typical representative of the decadent German piratical knighthood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Leaving aside the return to Hellenism, he traces the various steps of that return which started with Goethe's Goetz von Berlichingen (1771), examplifying a "superficial, or at least external" (214) type of medievalism centering on "[a]dventure, romance in the frankest sense, grotesque individualism" (214) of which Goethe and Scott are the true instances.
Thus we find, in volume 10, articles about specific texts by Goethe -- Horst Lange discusses Gotz von Berlichingen from the perspective of political theory (particularly that of Hobbes); Elizabeth Powers examines 'Der Wanderer', seeking to show that 'the artist, in order to perpetuate himself through his works, must escape poetic imitation, which in this poem is expressed by the woman's nurturing function', even though the woman -- 'the idyll, which itself is a stand-in for the literary inheritance' -- 'represents the ultimate souce of man's -- the artist's - creativity (pp.
Goethe illustrates his idea of how this transmission of tradition is so perfectly achieved in Gotz von Berlichingen, where Maria teaches her young nephew the story of the pious child.
His lithographs illustrating Shakespeare's Hamlet and Goethe's play Gotz yon Berlichingen appeared in 1843.
Berlichingen read to us by my great-grandmother, and when my
Nevertheless there remained a core of virulent and insistent criticism of Hitler, expressed in terms from the cogent to the coarse, but often incorporating the observation that the Fuhrer could kiss the speaker's arse, a category of critique so frequent that it was filed by the Gestapo under the separate euphemistic heading `Gotz quotation' - a reference to its use by Goethe in Goetz von Berlichingen.
His play Gotz von Berlichingen was printed at his own cost, and while it made his name known in literary circles, it got Goethe into debt.
In 1773 he provided the turbulent Sturm und Drang movement with its first major drama, Gotz von Berlichingen, which he wrote in conscious imitation of William Shakespeare, and in 1774 with its first novel, Die Leiden des jungen Werthers(Sorrows of Young Werther, The).
His tragedy, Gotz von Berlichingen, founded the romantic school and established the Shakespearean form of drama on the German stage; he founded the German literary movement known as "Sturm und Drang"; his Die Leiden des Jungen Werthers inaugurated the sentimental school; and his Faust injected the modern spirit into German literature.
In fact, Faust was originally one of a planned series of dramas about heroic figures who transgress society's rules--Julius Caesar, Prometheus, and Gotz von Berlichingen among them.
Ger, das Da monische ) In a special sense, a quality of certain characters in Goethe's works, such as the heroes of Gotz von Berlichingen and Egmont.
Gotz von Berlichingen was the name of Goethe's first play, and also the name of its protagonist.