Berlin Philharmonic(redirected from Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra)
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Berlin Philharmonic,orchestra, Berlin, Germany, founded 1882 by musicans who had left an ensemble led by Benjamin Bilse. The orchestra performs in the modernist Philharmonie concert hall (1963). Among its early conductors was Hans von BülowBülow, Hans Guido, Freiherr von
, 1830–94, German pianist and conductor. After hearing Wagner's Lohengrin in 1850 at Weimar under Liszt's direction, he studied piano with Liszt and later conducted the premieres of several of Wagner's operas.
..... Click the link for more information. (1887–92), who helped establish the orchestra's international reputation. Under Herbert von KarajanKarajan, Herbert von
, 1908–89, Austrian conductor. Karajan began his conducting career in 1927. After World War II his reputation spread through Europe to the United States.
..... Click the link for more information. (1956–89), the Philharmonic made voluminous recordings and toured widely; Claudio AbbadoAbbado, Claudio,
1933–2014, Italian conductor, b. Milan. He debuted (1960) in his native city, conducting the orchestra at La Scala, where he subsequently served (1968–86) as musical director.
..... Click the link for more information. (1989–2002) expanded the orchestra's repertoire to include more modern works. Sir Simon RattleRattle, Sir Simon,
1955–, British conductor, b. Liverpool, studied Royal Academy of Music, London. Originally a percussionist, he became part of the Merseyside Youth Orchestra at 11 and of the Royal Liverpool Orchestra at 15.
..... Click the link for more information. led the orchestra from 2002 to 2018; Kirill Petrenko succeeded him in 2019.
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