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a genus of perennial grasses of the family Gramineae. There is a long, spreading rootstock and procumbent and ascending aboveground shoots. The stems are leafy, and the inflorescence consists of three to eight digitately arranged spicate branchlets. The small spikelets bear one or two flowers and form two approximate rows on the branchlets.

There are about ten species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. The USSR has one species, Bermuda grass (C. dactylon), which is native to tropical Africa. Bermuda grass is found in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, the southern part of Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. It grows on grassy slopes, in meadows, on river flood-plains, in wastelands, and along roads. It is a weed in fields and orchards. Bermuda grass is a valuable pasture plant. Readily eaten by agricultural animals, it grows rapidly after grazing and withstands trampling well. It is one of the best lawn plants and serves as good ground cover at airports and on athletics fields. The plant can be used to control soil erosion. In regions of irrigated agriculture, Bermuda grass is a pernicious weed. Control measures include plowing or raking up the rootstocks, after which the roots dry out and freeze. Also effective is the application of herbicides to the soil before plowing.


Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Beliuchenko, I. S. Zlakovye kormovye rasteniia tropicheskogo poiasa. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
In the companion forage study, bermudagrass yields increased with longer harvest intervals (Clavijo Michelangeli et al.
There was an increase in CP content after 30 days of baling for Tifton 85 bermudagrass hay; however, Ames also observed a high occurrence of fungi in stored hay, which may have influenced such changes.
If a bermudagrass turf has not been watered at all, causing it to turn brown and dormant, using a quick-release soluble fertilizer will do no good and could even compound the problem.
We also analyzed samples of unburned and burned bermudagrass and found that among inorganic elements, they contained similar peaks of potassium, phosphorus and chlorine (Wagner et al.
At shoreline areas with nutria sign, vegetation was composed of bermudagrass, salt cedar, willow baccharis, and giant reed.
The scientists also found that yields of bermudagrass hay did not vary significantly when the crops were irrigated with wastewater levels that replenished only 75 percent of the water lost to evapotranspiration.
This discussion of forage grasses includes Kentucky bluegrass, Canada bluegrass, orchard grass, ryegrass, reed canary grass, smooth bromegrass, tall fescue, timothy, prairie grass, garrison grass, and bermudagrass.
Key words: Anterior cruciate ligament, bermudagrass, perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass.
Fine fescues and bermudagrass are fine-textured grasses, whereas bluegrass and ryegrass are medium-textured.
Among turfgrass genera, common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon [L.
The more cold hardy cultivars of two warm season species, bermudagrass and zoysiagrass, may be used in the transition zone and in some southern parts of regions A and E.