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a genus of perennial grasses of the family Gramineae. There is a long, spreading rootstock and procumbent and ascending aboveground shoots. The stems are leafy, and the inflorescence consists of three to eight digitately arranged spicate branchlets. The small spikelets bear one or two flowers and form two approximate rows on the branchlets.

There are about ten species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. The USSR has one species, Bermuda grass (C. dactylon), which is native to tropical Africa. Bermuda grass is found in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, the southern part of Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. It grows on grassy slopes, in meadows, on river flood-plains, in wastelands, and along roads. It is a weed in fields and orchards. Bermuda grass is a valuable pasture plant. Readily eaten by agricultural animals, it grows rapidly after grazing and withstands trampling well. It is one of the best lawn plants and serves as good ground cover at airports and on athletics fields. The plant can be used to control soil erosion. In regions of irrigated agriculture, Bermuda grass is a pernicious weed. Control measures include plowing or raking up the rootstocks, after which the roots dry out and freeze. Also effective is the application of herbicides to the soil before plowing.


Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Beliuchenko, I. S. Zlakovye kormovye rasteniia tropicheskogo poiasa. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Brevard County Purchasing Services, on behalf of the Parks & Recreation Department, is soliciting quotes from vendors for the delivery and installation of Certified Tifway 419 Bermudagrass to various locations in Brevard County Parks & Recreation
Cooper stated, "TifEagle Bermudagrass has proven to be a superior putting surface as is evidenced by the number of PGA TOUR venues in Florida that use this preferred putting grass.
Bermudagrass in Tulsa is not nearly as prone to turf disease as fescue, so if it is more convenient to water in the early evening, go ahead and do so during drought conditions.
Harris-Shultz uses the plant's DNA to tell one type of bermudagrass from another and identify unwanted types of grass.
Thatch and quality of Tifway bermudagrass in relation to fertility and cultivation.
Stomach contents (n = 14) contained common reed (Phragmites australis), water pennywort (Hydroelyle umbellata), giant reed (Arundo donax), spi kerush (Eleocharis caribaea), bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), water hyssop (Bacopa monnieri), foxtail (Alopecurus sp).
propinqua is the vector of Cynodon chlorotic streak virus of its host, bermudagrass (Cynodon daetylon (L.
Tiller size/density compensation in grazed Tifton 85 bermudagrass wards.
Almost everywhere one looks these days in central Arkansas, courses are giving up on their bentgrass greens and turning to Champion Bermudagrass.
2000) also reported a higher SOC concentration in a grazed tall fescue--common bermudagrass pasture (20 years old) than adjacent land in conservation-tillage cropland to 0.
4 Most warm-season lawns, such as bermudagrass and St.
They conducted a two-year study of SDI that compared yields of bermudagrass hay irrigated with wastewater and hay irrigated with well water and amended with commercial fertilizer.