Bernard Lyot

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lyot, Bernard


Born Feb. 27, 1897, in Paris; died Apr. 2, 1952, in Cairo. French astrophysicist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1939).

Lyot began working at the Meudon Observatory near Paris in 1920. He conducted work on filming solar prominences and particularly on the observation of the solar corona when the sun is not in eclipse. In 1931 he constructed and installed a special coronagraph at a high-altitude observatory in the Pyrenees. Lyot discovered five new lines in the spectrum of the corona, whose origin as well as that of other coronal lines was established by the American astrophysicist B. Edlén in 1942.


Menzel, D. H. “Bernard Lyot.” Sky and Telescope, 1952, vol. 11, no. 8.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Bernard Lyot, this polarization did not extend beyond ~6' from the limb, increased rapidly as observations were made towards the Sun, and remained constant within ~3' of the solar surface [6].
7, Fowler at South Kensington, making use of the spectroscope, saw the planet projected on the chromosphere fully a minute before it reached the sun.' (9) Twenty-three years later the distinguished French astronomer Bernard Lyot (1897-1952), who perfected the coronagraph, clearly saw Mercury in coronal projection, despite interference from clouds, at separations from the solar limb of one to 2.6 arcminutes.
Its largest telescope, a two -metre-diameter instrument named after the French astronomer Bernard Lyot, was installed in 1980.
Indeed, coronal structures have long been observed with white-light coronagraphs [25,26], an instrument invented by Bernard Lyot [31,32].
This specialized solar telescope, developed in 1930 by French astronomer Bernard Lyot, occults the Sun's disk with an opaque mask at the telescope's focal plane, while strategically placed baffles reduce scattered light within the instrument.
The project is named after Bernard Lyot, the French astronomer who invented the coronagraph in the late 1920s and early 1930s in order to observe the Sun's corona without having to wait for a total solar eclipse.
Lille's unique viewer incorporates many of the features that the French astronomer Bernard Lyot used in his coronagraph developed in the 1930s.
Since 1930 such celebrated observers as Bernard Lyot, Henri Camichel, and Audouin Dollfus have used the observatory's telescopes for high-resolution imaging of the Moon and planets.