Bernard Mandeville


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Mandeville, Bernard

 

Born in 1670, in Dordrecht, Hol-land; died Jan. 21, 1733, in London. English author.

Of French descent, Mandeville received a medical education in Leiden. In 1705 he published the satire The Grumbling Hive, or Knaves Turn ‘d Honest. This was reprinted in 1714 and 1723 under the title The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Publick Benefits (Russian translation, 1924). The life of a beehive was an allegory for bourgeois society, with its competition, corruption, and social oppression. Mandeville “shows that in modern society vices are necessary and useful. This was scarcely an apology for modern society” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 146). Mandeville led the way in English social thought toward a sober and ironic critique of the bourgeois social structure.

WORKS

Mandeville’s Travels. London, 1968.
The Fable of the Bees. London, 1970.
In Russian translation:
Deborin, A. Kniga dlia chteniia po istorii filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow. 1924.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, book 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945. Pages 296-301.
Kaye, F. B. “The Influence of Bernard Mandeville.” Studies in the Literature of the Augustan Age. New York, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The book pays particular attention to the roots of Smith's moral philosophy found in the works of Thomas Hobbes, the Earl of Shaftesbury, Bernard Mandeville, and David Hume.
Bernard Mandeville took the argument one step further (if not chronologically) by arguing that private vices (rather than interests) could lead to public benefits.
31) Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, two vols.
Mrs Del Ponte will be in Rotterdam at the invitation of the Bernard Mandeville Foundation which annually organises the lecture in honour of those who have performed great contribution to society.
The Bernard Mandeville Foundation is an initiative of the Erasmus University of Rotterdam and the Rotterdam Business Society.
Peltonen caps this ambitious agenda with a new look at Dutch-born British physician, philosopher, and satirist Bernard Mandeville (1670-1733), whose proto-utilitarian views on human self-interest and commercial society masked an intriguing defence of dueling as a way of maintaining the politeness essential to both court and mercantile urban society.
Peltonen's final contribution centres on the work of Bernard Mandeville, particularly the two volumes of The Fable of the Bees published in 1714 and 1729.
Early eighteenth-century tracts by Anthony Collins, Matthew Tindal, Schaftesbury, and Bernard Mandeville made explicit the political ramification of Toland's work.
Other topics includes the experimental experience in the quest for identity in the eighteenth-century novel, the Gothic best sellers in the 1790s, and a variety of studies of women authors and characters, including first-person female narratives such as Moll Flanders and Roxana as models and prototypes, considering Bernard Mandeville and the necessities of plot in Amelia, reconsidering Charlotte Lennox's age and The Life of Harriot Stuart, and the roles of bad morality and Mrs.
Echoing the logic of Bernard Mandeville and Adam Smith, Morris asked, "Would not as much good have followed from an industrious attention to his own affairs?
Bernard Mandeville, for example, argued in favour of state-sanctioned brothels in 1724.
Crucial to this evolution from guilty pleasures to permissible, even virtuous, ones were the contributions of those two Enlightenment betes noires - Bernard Mandeville and Thomas Hobbes - who saw prosperity in vice and located the advancement of the commonweal in greed and self-aggrandizement.