Bernard Mandeville


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Mandeville, Bernard

 

Born in 1670, in Dordrecht, Hol-land; died Jan. 21, 1733, in London. English author.

Of French descent, Mandeville received a medical education in Leiden. In 1705 he published the satire The Grumbling Hive, or Knaves Turn ‘d Honest. This was reprinted in 1714 and 1723 under the title The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Publick Benefits (Russian translation, 1924). The life of a beehive was an allegory for bourgeois society, with its competition, corruption, and social oppression. Mandeville “shows that in modern society vices are necessary and useful. This was scarcely an apology for modern society” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 146). Mandeville led the way in English social thought toward a sober and ironic critique of the bourgeois social structure.

WORKS

Mandeville’s Travels. London, 1968.
The Fable of the Bees. London, 1970.
In Russian translation:
Deborin, A. Kniga dlia chteniia po istorii filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow. 1924.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, book 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945. Pages 296-301.
Kaye, F. B. “The Influence of Bernard Mandeville.” Studies in the Literature of the Augustan Age. New York, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
1) Lanser has also drawn attention to a 1709 publication by Bernard Mandeville, The Virgin Unmask'd: or, Female Dialogues Between an Elderly Maiden Lady and Her Niece, on several Diverting Discourses on Love, Marriage, Memoirs and Morals, etc.
The physician and philosopher Bernard Mandeville (1660-1733) was undoubtedly one of the most controversial writers of the eighteenth century.
The book pays particular attention to the roots of Smith's moral philosophy found in the works of Thomas Hobbes, the Earl of Shaftesbury, Bernard Mandeville, and David Hume.
Bernard Mandeville took the argument one step further (if not chronologically) by arguing that private vices (rather than interests) could lead to public benefits.
Hilton, Phillip, Bitter Honey: Recuperating the Medical and Scientific Context of Bernard Mandeville, Bern, Peter Lang, 2010; paperback; pp.
And this worldly pride, so often condemned by clerics and other moralists, came to be seen by early political economists, including Bernard Mandeville and Adam Smith, as a positive force for the community's prosperity.
In a later chapter, Cook traces the subsequent career of such ideas about the passions, revealing that the London-based author of the highly influential Fable of the Bees: Or, Private Vices, Publick Benefits (frequently used in the eighteenth century to justify commerce), Bernard Mandeville, was himself Dutch in origin and had drawn considerably in this work on the materialist ideas he himself had encountered while studying in Leiden.
El presente ensayo pretende rastrear la genesis de la etica del mercado de uno de los filosofos liberales mas controversiales en la historia de las ideas de la Europa continental, como lo fue el doctor Bernard Mandeville (1670-1733), holandes de nacimiento emigra a Inglaterra por cuestiones politicas.
Perhaps Chapter 2 adds a little to the literature by showing some detailed comparisons between Smith's wordings and those of earlier writings of David Hume and Bernard Mandeville on matters raised in Smith's discussion of the division of labour.
Peltonen caps this ambitious agenda with a new look at Dutch-born British physician, philosopher, and satirist Bernard Mandeville (1670-1733), whose proto-utilitarian views on human self-interest and commercial society masked an intriguing defence of dueling as a way of maintaining the politeness essential to both court and mercantile urban society.
This version of moral philosophy was consciously understood to be directed against the doctrines of Hobbes and Locke and their closer English followers, like Bernard Mandeville, as well as the French philosophes, who, for the most part, were also closer to Hobbes and Locke.
El objetivo central del libro es mostrar la tesis de Bernard Mandeville en torno a la genesis de la virtud moral fundada en la naturaleza pasional del ser humano, en oposicion a la tesis defendida por Shaftesbury acerca de la bondad innata del hombre y su tendencia a socializarse de manera natural.