Bernard of Clairvaux


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Bernard of Clairvaux

Saint. ?1090--1153, French abbot and theologian, who founded the stricter branch of the Cistercians in 1115
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bernard of Clairvaux

 

(Bernardus abbas Clarae Vallis). Born 1090, at Fontaine, Burgundy; died Aug. 20, 1153, in Clairvaux. Figure in the Catholic Church, theologian, and mystic.

Bernard of Clairvaux came from a noble Burgundian family. At the age of 23 he became a monk of the Cistercian Order, and in 1115 he became abbot of the monastery that he founded in Clairvaux. He participated in the creation of the order of the holy knights, the Templars, and he inspired the Second Crusade (1147). He opposed the theological rationalism of P. Abelard and various heretical tendencies. Defending the firmness of church tradition and criticizing emerging Scholasticism for innovation, Bernard simultaneously gave sharply personal spirit to mysticism. Bernard’s mystical texts are characterized by lyricism and an attempt to expose the human ego. They exerted a strong influence on the mystical psychologism of the late Middle Ages (G. Bonaventure, H. Suso, and others). In 1174, Bernard of Clairvaux was canonized.

WORKS

Opera, vols. 1–6. Paris, 1855–59. (Patrologiae cursus compl., ser. latina . . . , vols. 182–185. Edited by J.-P. Migne.)
In Russian translation:
“Pis’ma.” In P. Abelard, Istoriia moikh bedstvii. Moscow, 1959. Pages 127–51.

REFERENCES

Ger’e, V. Zapadnoe monashestvo i papstvo. Moscow, 1913. Pages 27–138.
Sidorova, N. A. Ocherki po istorii rannei gorodskoi kul’tury vo Frantsii. Moscow, 1953.
Gilson, E. La théologie mystique de Saint Bernard. Paris, 1947.
Hiss, W. Die Anthropologie Bernhards von Clairvaux. Berlin, 1924.

S. S. AVERINTSEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bernard; Michael Casey, Athirstfor God: Spiritual Desire in Bernard of Clairvaux's Sermons on the Song of Songs (Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1987); John R.
Yet the opening lines of Patience provide a great deal more context than might be obvious without examining the roles of patience, poverty, and obedience in medieval monastic life, as seen in the Rule of Benedict and such interpretive works as Bernard of Clairvaux's De praecepto et dispensatione and De gradibus humilitate et superbiae.
Ambrose of Milan, Bernard of Clairvaux, Modomnoc, and Valentine of Rome are all official patron saints of Apis mellifera--the species of bees domesticated for the honey they produce.
Topics include religious education in classical Greece, learning about the Etruscan religion in ancient Rome, the Gospel of Luke and Acts of the Apostles as precursor of the conjunction of biblical faith and Hellenistic education, religious education in late antique paganism, Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nazianzus on poetry in Christian education, primary and secondary religious education in Byzantium, and religious education and Bernard of Clairvaux.
There were exceptions, such as Bernard of Clairvaux's conviction that the Jews are Christians' "forefathers" in the faith (19).
When Turner has adequate documentary sources, Eleanor appears as a ferociously intelligent and perceptive woman constrained by the growing misogyny of a Church dominated by the likes of Bernard of Clairvaux and the growing professionalism of the royal household administration through which Eleanor's predecessors had been able to establish their authority.
Malachy, his career and his Life by Bernard of Clairvaux in order to examine, in the wider sphere, the changes to monastic culture with the introduction of continental monastic orders, and particularly the impact of Augustinian and Cistercian usage.
By grace alone through faith alone has broken through with special force at critical times in the church's history in the fifth century with Augustine; in the 12th with Bernard of Clairvaux; in the 16th with Luther and Calvin; in the 18th with the Wesleys; and in the 20th with Karl Barth.
There is, for example, a good study of Peter Damian and an important one on Bernard of Clairvaux, who defended Jews' lives during the Second Crusade (in view of their expected ultimate conversion) but whose sermons and letters are replete with sentiments that are "strongly anti-Semitic" (p.
The first four chapters survey monastic intentionality from Anthony and Benedict, through Martin of Tours and Cluny, to Bernard of Clairvaux and Martin Luther.
A picture of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in full habit hangs above the fireplace in the reception room.
Unlike Alonso Cano's St Bernard of Clairvaux in the Miracle of Lactation, currently in the exhibition 'The Sacred Made Real' at the National Gallery, London (see opposite), there is no need to say to Gill's breast-feeding Virgins (Fig.