Bernardino Ramazzini

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ramazzini, Bernardino


Born Oct. 4, 1633, in Carpi; died Nov. 5, 1714, in Padua. Italian physician and founder of occupational hygiene.

Ramazzini studied at the universities of Ferrara and Parma and became a physician in 1659. From 1682 to 1700 he held the chair of theoretical medicine at the University of Modena, and from 1700 he held the chair of practical medicine at the University of Padua.

Ramazzini’s principal work was Discourse on the Diseases of Artisans (1700; Russian translation, 1961), in which diseases characteristic of approximately 70 occupations were described; sections in the book included “On the Diseases of Writers and Scholars,” “On the Diseases of Scribes,” and “On the Diseases of Pharmacists.” Ramazzini discussed the hazards arising from processed materials, such as mercury and lead, from work methods and positions, as in such professions as tailoring and construction, and from the environment, as in fishing. He recommended methods for preventing diseases that result from these hazards. K. Marx cites Ramazzini’s book as a characteristic historical document of the early manufacturing period of capitalism and of the beginning of industrial pathology (see K. Marx in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 376).

Scientific societies on occupational hygiene have been named for Ramazzini in many countries, including Italy and the USA.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Em 1700, Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714) publicou a primeira edicao do livro De Morbis Artificum Diatriba [...].
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Bernardino Ramazzini: The Father of Occupational Medicine.
2000: Ano comemorativo do tricentenario da primeira edicao do livro de Bernardino Ramazzini: As doencas dos trabalhadores: uma obra instigante.
In fact, some of the earliest writings that describe the essence of exposure science are found in Bernardino Ramazzini's 1700 treatise on occupational diseases (Franco 1999).