Bernardino Rivadavia


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rivadavia, Bernardino

 

Born May 20, 1780, in Buenos Aires; died Sept. 2, 1845, in Cádiz. Argentine statesman and politician; fighter for the independence of South America from Spanish rule. A leader of the Patriotic Junta—the first Argentine government set up during the war for the independence of the Spanish colonies in America.

In 1811–12, Rivadavia was a member of the Triumvirate and minister of war, then minister of domestic and foreign affairs. He was on a diplomatic mission to Europe from 1815 to 1820. As minister of domestic and foreign affairs from 1821 to 1824, Rivadavia carried out a number of political and economic reforms (limited agrarian reform and creation of a banking system), military and church reforms, and a reform of public education. From February 1826 to June 1827 he was president of the United Provinces of La Plata, which became the Federal Republic of Argentina in December 1826. Rivadavia opposed the expansion of Brazil. Under pressure from domestic reactionary forces, he resigned and emigrated.

REFERENCE

Ocherki istorii Argentiny. Moscow, 1961. Pages 125-37.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We've been working since 2009 until now to liberate the fossil from the rock surrounding it, making a reproduction and hanging it here in the museum hall," paleontologist Fernando Novas of the Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Science Museum in Buenos Aires told AFP.
Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) were taken with a Philips XL30 TMP SEM at the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (MACN).
Researchers at the Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum in Buenos Aires accidentally discovered the special trait while studying the pigment of the South American polka-dotted tree frog (Hypsiboas punctatus), a common species in the continent.
(2006:60) para la localidad de "SALTA: Santa Victoria Oeste, 2200 m", con base en un ejemplar del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (MACN 17723) coleccionado por Abel Fornes (numero de colector CAF 3857).
diegosuarezi belonged to, says study coauthor Fernando Novas, a paleontologist at the Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum in Buenos Aires.