Bernardo O'Higgins


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O'Higgins, Bernardo

(bĕrnär`thō ōē`gēns), 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. He was chosen in 1813 to replace José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel
, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year.
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 as revolutionary leader. After the loss at RancaguaRancagua
, city (1990 est. pop. 190,400), capital of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins region, central Chile, in a fertile valley among the Andean foothills. One of Chile's largest copper mines (El Teniente) is nearby.
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, O'Higgins fled with the remnant of his army to Argentina, where he joined forces with San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
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. Returning to Chile in 1817, San Martín and O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at ChacabucoChacabuco, battle of,
Feb. 12, 1817, fought between Chilean independence forces and Spanish troops. It took place just N of Santiago, Chile. José de San Martín, with Bernardo O'Higgins, assaulted and decisively defeated the Spanish forces, thus gaining entry into
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. O'Higgins was named supreme director of Chile, whose independence he proclaimed on Feb. 12, 1818. His financial, political, and social reforms aroused much opposition, and in 1823 he was deposed and exiled to Peru, where he remained until his death.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Kinsbruner (1968) and S. Clissold (1969).

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References in periodicals archive ?
buoliana hacia el area norte de distribucion, en la Region del Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins. Dicha region presenta temperaturas mas altas y precipitaciones mas bajas que las del sur por lo que esta investigacion abordo la caracterizacion del ciclo de vida de este insecto en la zona representativa en la Comuna de Paredones; por otro lado, asocio los DG acumulados, como una herramienta que facilite la prediccion del momento optimo de aplicacion de medidas de control del insecto segun su estado de desarrollo, contribuyendo con su manejo integrado.
His book contains Irish people famous in the wider world, John F Kennedy, Ned Kelly and Bernardo O'Higgins, as well as those who made their names at home - James Connolly or Arthur Guinness.
Sources: Kinsbruner, Jay, Bernardo O'Higgins. New York, 1968.
After a trek across the Andes, San Martin and the Chilean patriot Bernardo O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at Chacabuco and Maipu and declared the independence of Chile.
After an arduous trek across the Andes, San Martin and the Chilean patriot Bernardo O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at Chacabuco and Maipu and declared the independence of Chile.
But when their paths crossed in Plaza de la Ciudadania - the People's Square - in the capital where Harry honoured Chile's found father Bernardo O'Higgins by laying a wreath, she called out to him again.