He thought more of Bernardo del Carpio
because at Roncesvalles he slew Roland in spite of enchantments, availing himself of the artifice of Hercules when he strangled Antaeus the son of Terra in his arms.
The story of Bernardo Carpio was based upon the sixteenth-century Spanish romances of Lope de Vega, in particular Las mocedades de Bernardo del Carpio
and El casamiento en la muerte.
He further examines how, as the centuries passed, a nationalistic identity eventually emerged causing the focus to shift from Charlemagne and Roland to local heroes who defended their homeland, being personified at some indeterminable point in the fictional warrior Bernardo del Carpio
. Finally, the author focuses on the French chanson Fierabras as a possible influence for Las mocedades del Cid, in whose narrative the new champion of Spain, the young Rodrigo Diaz, breaks with the epic's tradition and instead invades France.
La recreacion de Lope incluye a Bernardo del Carpio
y a Carlos V en los Nueve, como una alusion autobiografica a su ostentacion nobiliaria (pues se creia descendiente de Bernardo del Carpio
), y estableciendo una continuidad historica entre estos personajes y Felipe IV, el "nuevo Jason." La loa, y por extension el resto de la obra, no son simples alabanzas dirigidas al rey Habsburgo: Lope interpela directamente a este joven monarca a que sea un nuevo Carlos V.
She takes as examples three epic narratives that pivot on Fernan Gonzalez, Bernardo del Carpio
, and Sancho II, as three key founding figures of Iberian history and legend.
In addition to his exchanges with Malgesi, the Espiritu de Merlin plays a significant role in the adventures of a second character, Bernardo del Carpio
, a Spanish knight.
The structural and thematic parallels existing between these two works are visible in Bernardo del Carpio
and Siete Infantes too and cannot therefore be used to argue in favour of dependence in either direction.
He also wrote numerous heroic plays based on Spanish legends and chronicles, such as El ultimo godo, dealing with Rodrigo, the last Visigothic king of Spain; Las mocedades de Bernardo del Carpio
; Las almenas de Toro, about El Cid; and El bastardo Mudarra, about the legend of the seven infantes of Lara.