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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Berosus was a famous Mesopotamian priest and astrologer born about 330 b.c.e. He left his native land, settled on the Greek island of Kos, and taught astrology. Berosus is attributed with introducing astrology to the Greeks, in whose hands it was transformed from a priestly art into an empirical science.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Berossus; Greek form of the Babylonian name Belrushu). Born circa 350 B.C.; died 280 B.C. Babylonian historian.

Because of military events in Babylonia, Berosus fled to Greece, where he founded an astrological school on the island of Cos. After returning to his homeland, he compiled a Greek history of Babylonia at the request of Antiochus I; this history was on local legendary and historical traditions. His works have not come down to us. Disconnected, mostly distorted data, attributed to Berosus through a series of intermediate sources, have been preserved in the works of classical and Byzantine historians.


Schnabel, P. Berossos und die babylonisch-hellenistische Literatur. Leipzig, 1923.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
As Baal he was popular with the Phoenicians; as Belus or Bel he had the honor to be served by the priest Berosus, who wrote the famous account of the Deluge; as Babel he had a tower partly erected to his glory on the Plain of Shinar.
We found free-swimming invertebrates and those found at or near the water surface were also consumed by black carp, including water boatmen (Hemiptera: Corixidae), aquatic beetles (Berosus), and adult mayflies during their emergence.
Revision der gattung Berosus Leach, 1.Teil: Die palaarktischen Arten der Untergattung Enoplurus (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae).
Granger (1934b, 210) observes that "traces of Lucretius' influence occur in the astronomical references of Vitruvius." In their discussion of astronomy, both Lucretius (5.720-8) and Vitruvius (9.2.1) invoke the astronomical beliefs of Berosus.
These taxa included the mayfly genus Callibaetis, the predaceous midge genus Chaoborus, and the hydrophilid beetle genus Berosus. Additionally, Chaoborus is primarily a lentic form, being found in lakes and ponds and rarely in flowing water (Cook, 1956), suggesting it could have been washed into the stream from off-channel ponds or permanent isolated in-channel pools upstream, rather than intermittent flowing sections of the stream.
Each can be traced back to Berosus, a priest of Bel-Marduk, in the city of Babylon, at the time of Alexnder the Great.
Resumen: La tribu Berosini (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) esta representada en America del Sur por los generos Berosus Leach, Hemiosus Sharp y Derallus Sharp.
Linne, Regimbartia attenuata (Fabricius), Berosus pulchellus Mackleay, Hydrovatus acuminatus Motschulsky, Hypophorus sp.