Berry Crops

Berry Crops


a group of perennial wild and cultivated plants (shrubs, subshrubs, and herbs) that produce an edible fruit commonly known as a berry. The most widely cultivated berry crops in Europe are strawberries, currants, raspberries, and gooseberries. In North America cranberries, blackberries, and blueberries are also cultivated. Less commonly cultivated are strawberries, black rowanberries, actinidias, and the sea buckthorn. The most common wild berries are cranberries, mountain cranberries, and whortleberries. Strawberries and European black currants are common in the European USSR, and European black currants are cultivated in Siberia and the Far East.

Commercial berry plantings are concentrated in suburban areas. Berry crops are also cultivated on personal plots of kolkhoz farmers. They are sometimes used for ornamental purposes, for example, for the creation of green zones and hedges (dog rose, sea buckthorn, and golden currant). Berry crops adapt well to various soil and climatic conditions, reproduce easily, grow rapidly, and bear fruit early (strawberries in the second year, raspberries in the third, and currants in the fourth and fifth).

Berries contain sugar, organic acids, mineral substances, vitamins, and aromatic substances. (For a discussion of the chemical composition seeFRUITS, EDIBLE.) They are eaten in fresh or frozen form or are processed into preserves, jams, marmalades, pastilles, juices, compotes, liqueurs, or wines. Whortleberries, raspberries, rowanberries, and sea buckthorn are of medicinal value.

In 1974 berry plantings occupied about 4 million hectares (ha) worldwide. In 1977 they occupied 142,600 ha in the USSR.


Plodovodstvo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
Kolesnikov, V. A. Chastnoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1973.
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In the program of the seminar - a lecture on "Protection of fruit and berry crops and grapes from diseases and pests" (duration - 1.
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The final nine chapters present case studies of integrated pest management for such crops as grain, brassicas, seed potato, berry crops, and tropical and subtropical fruit trees.
It is part of a larger, multi-state USDA-funded initiative to optimize protected growing environments for berry crops in the upper Midwest and northeastern United States.
These caneberries should be fertilized starting in early spring when new growth begins, says Bernadine Strik, berry crops professor with the Oregon State University Extension Service.
It's thought to be when berry crops have run out in Scandinavia.
Specialists and farm advisors with UC Cooperative Extension (UCCE) have performed economic analyses for Santa Cruz and Monterey county fresh market berry crops for decades (UCCE 1969-2014).
In addition, GRANDEVO and VENERATE are registered in Mexico for use on Solanaceous crops, including tomato, pepper, chili, eggplant and potato for thrips, beet armyworm and both nymphs and adults of potato psylla; Berry crops, including strawberry, raspberry and blackberry for red mites and two-spotted spider mites, as well as Cole crops, including broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and brussels sprouts for diamond-back moth.
On the expo floor, Jewell found many attendees eager to discuss the weather's potential impact on berry crops.
Since then, it has become an established pest of numerous tree-fruit and berry crops in both the eastern and western United States, says Landolt.
Either the red or black chokeberry, Aronia, are native, May-blooming shrubs that dependably produce substantial berry crops yearly.