Berthing Facilities

Berthing Facilities

 

nautical structures built in ports when docks are installed. The chief purpose of berthing facilities is to facilitate a ship’s approach and mooring process. Such structures set along the shore are called quays, while those that protrude into the port waters at an oblique or right angle to the shore are called piers.

Berthing facilities are subdivided according to design features into solid types, pile-type structures, and structures on special foundations. Solid berthing facilities are built as solid walls composed of large stone blocks or as large-diameter shells. They may also be built as distinct supports, connected with one another—and sometimes to the shore—by spanning structures. Pile-type berthing facilities have either a row of piles that forms a solid wall, or bulwark, or they have a scaffold structure. Among berthing facilities on special foundations are those built on caissons. Berthing facilities are distinguished by cross section as vertical-wall types, sloping-wall types, and mixed types with semisloping or semivertical walls. The last two are used almost exclusively in river ports, where less depth along the dock is required.

The chief materials used in building berthing facilities are concrete, reinforced concrete, stone, and steel. The type and design are determined by operating requirements and by the warranted minimum depth at the dock, which may be as much as 25 m in seaports. Hydrological conditions, the nature of the base soil, and construction methods are also taken into account.

Berthing facilities include mooring bollards, bitts, and rings for securing mooring cables. Fenders, which are usually made of resilient materials in various shapes and are suspended in front of the berthing facilities, are provided to soften the impact when the ship is brought alongside or is driven against the dock by the wind. Dolphins are often used as fenders.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Kumgang and to proceed with construction works of restaurants and berthing facilities in the North Korean port.
As well as luxury fittings and fixtures, boating enthusiasts can avail of their own private pontoon and berthing facilities, which can be rented annually.
Kumgang, such as building berthing facilities in North Korea's eastern Changjon port.
The Tokyo Yume-no-shima Marina has filed lawsuits with the Tokyo District Court in a bid to force nine clients to pay a total of 20 million yen in overdue fees for using its berthing facilities.
News of the contract also strengthens UiE's decision to invest in extending and deepening berthing facilities at Clydebank to accommodate larger vessels.
Over 23,000 Scouts participated in encampments or utilized berthing facilities at various naval stations.
Approximately 260,000 cubic yards of sediment will be removed at the Port to re-establish a depth of minus 32' below mean low water in and around the berthing facilities.
The island of Kerrera is set to benefit from a significant upgrade to its ferry berthing facilities, Minister for Transport and Islands Derek Mackay announced today.
With additional berthing facilities and increased throughput capacity, Khalifa Port's RORO hub has been designed to cater to vehicular cargo from the Middle East, Africa, and the Indian Subcontinent.
Das Island is 180-kilometres from Abu Dhabi and boasts oil and gas processing plants, workshops, storage tanks, tanker berthing facilities, a horbour, an airport, paved motorways and a modern hospital apart from residential accomodation.
A Welsh Assembly inquiry has been told that government investment in new berthing facilities was "essential" to allow a lucrative expansion in cruise tourism.
TOB can offer fully managed vessel mobilisations with berthing facilities and access to a team of experienced personnel, including a skilled supply chain.