A third group that features less prominently includes Berthold Auerbach
, Friedrich Schiller, Heinrich von Kleist, and Karl Gutzkow.
I also believe, like Berthold Auerbach
, that music "washes away from the soul, the dust of everyday life.
While detailing a number of Jewish engagements with Spinoza from Saul Asch to Moses Hess, this chapter turns on a discussion of bow liberal humanist author Berthold Auerbach
, with the publication of his Spinoza novel (and of his translation, the first complete German one, of Spinoza's works, both in 1837), proffers a Spinoza incarnating a universal Judaism that portended the modern ideal of a universal human community.
All the authors mentioned thus far belong to the familiar canon, if we include the semi-canonical May, but Bettina Wild, as part of a larger study of the village tale, introduces us to the forgotten Hermine Villinger (1849-1917), a friend of Ebner-Eschenbach and successor to Berthold Auerbach
, whose conservative and nostalgic representations of rural life are credited with the depiction of strong women.
Studying the tensions between regional and national identity in German Realist literature of the mid to late nineteenth century, Arne Koch seeks to unravel the seeming paradox that prominent authors such as Berthold Auerbach
, Fritz Reuter, Theodor Storm, Wilhelm Raabe, Theodor Fontane, Gottfried Keller, and Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach can be viewed (and have been seen) as writers of regional literature while still contributing in their different ways to the discourse on German (or Swiss or Austrian) national identity.
Also in this first group are Salomon Maimon (1753-1800), the first Jewish thinker who attributed an unbiasedly positive role to Spinoza in the development of modern philosophy; Berthold Auerbach
(1812-1882), the poet who was the first to translate most of Spinoza's works into German and who wrote a novel in which Spinoza's friend Lodewijk Meyer stated that it was a Jew (i.
Heine, Borne, Berthold Auerbach
were exceptional, but their achievement symbolized the emergence in this period of the German Jew.
Dass auch Lewald Fontane nicht schonte, illustriert ein im Deutschen Literaturarchiv Marbach befindlicher Brief an Berthold Auerbach
, der Fontanes Vordem Sturm mit dem Urteil "kein Roman" abtut.
Gutzkow and Spielhagen, Louise Aston, Berthold Auerbach
, Caroline Fouque, or Sophie Mereau may just about be known (but will usually not have been read).
Youngman's project is to show the evolution of this insight in 19th-century Realism from Berthold Auerbach
through Peter Rosegger, Theodor Fontane, Gerhart Hauptmann to Max Eyth.
In a second section on memory culture and the transmission of history, Wolfgang Martens catches Berthold Auerbach
in his saccharine mood with a pre-modern Kalendergeschichte depicting Gellert as Volksdichter.
She maintains that the first examples of ghetto fiction are the novels by Berthold Auerbach
, Spinoza and Dichter und Kaufmann, but despite thematic resemblances these novels, with their diverse settings, seem to me to differ considerably from most ghetto fiction.