Berthold Viertel

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Berthold Viertel
BirthplaceVienna, Austria-Hungary
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Viertel, Berthold


Born June 28, 1885, in Vienna; died there Sept. 24, 1953. Austrian writer and stage and film director.

At first Viertel wrote poems that were influenced by expressionism. In 1923 he founded a theater with a modern repertoire in Berlin, where he staged his own works and those of such playwrights as F. Wolf, G. Kaiser, and E. O’Neill. In 1934 he emigrated to England, and in 1938 he moved to the USA, where he directed antifascist films and plays. In 1949 he returned to his homeland and worked primarily in the theater.

Viertel also wrote prose works, including the biography Karl Kraus (1921), the novel about theatrical life Bread of Charity (1927), and numerous autobiographical essays.


Dichtungen und Dokumente. Munich, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here Gmeyner worked on films with Berthold Viertel, especially The Passing of the Third Floor Back with Conrad Veidt, by then also an exile in England, and on Viertel's film version of Toller' Rastor Hall.
Based on extensive reading of the relevant secondary literature and research into (often heavily redacted) FBI records--supplemented by research into relevant, accessible records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the Office of Strategic Services, and the State Department--the author has written an important study of "FBI surveillance of German emigre writers" (notably, Bertolt Brecht, Thomas Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, Anna Seghers, Berthold Viertel, Oscar Graff, Franz Werfel, and Erwin Piscator).
Zinnemann drifted through Hollywood as an assistant to another Austrian, director Berthold Viertel, and documentarian Robert Flaherty.
Fairly soon he found screenwriting work, and what he says about Hollywood in the early forties helps fill out our sense of the studio system and various MGM big shots of the day and also of Los Angeles during one of its apogees as a cultural capital, with European refugees and expatriates like Berthold Viertel, Aldous Huxley, Brecht, the Manns and Stravinsky as temporary or long-term residents.
Closely watched too was the home of Salka Viertel, wife of Berthold Viertel, if only because nearly everybody who was anybody in the exile community sooner or later enjoyed her hospitality, used her address, or came into contact with her.