Alphonse Bertillon

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Alphonse Bertillon
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Died
Occupation
law enforcement officer and biometrics researcher

Bertillon, Alphonse

 

Born Apr. 22,1853, inParis; died there on Feb. 3, 1914. French criminologist who devised several police methods for solving criminal cases.

Bertillon was the head of the bureau of forensic identification of the Paris prefecture. The system of methods devised by Bertillon for forensic identification (establishing identity) is called Bertillonage in bourgeois criminology. The system included anthropometry, a verbal portrait, descriptive photography (a technical means of portrait photography in which a person’s distinctive features are highlighted very clearly), and a description of a person’s distinctive marks. Beginning in 1890 and until the early 20th century, Bertillonage was used by the police of all countries, but later it was gradually replaced by a new system of criminal registration, fingerprinting. Bertillon appeared in the legal proceedings of the Dreyfus affair as a legal handwriting expert and gave false testimony that ascribed the authorship of a document—the bordereau—to Dreyfus.

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There are several accounts of a meeting--the only meeting between Alphonse Bertillon and Juan Vucetich--and it did not go well.
7) El metodo de filiacion antropometrica fue propuesto en la decada de 1880 en Francia por el medico y antropologo Alphonse Bertillon y pronto fue adoptado por otras policias europeas, pues significaba una efectiva herramienta para identificar a los delincuentes.
Tanto Bertillon como Galton fracasaron en su intento de desarrollar una metodologia de identificacion infalible.
38) Like Alphonse Bertillon, he has meticulously collected his subject's measurements and the novel, his portrait parle, attempts to piece them back together, speaking Jim in the process.
21) Sur le << systeme Bertillon >> de 1' << identification anthropometrique >> appliquee d'abord aux recidivistes et malfaiteurs a partir de l'annee 1883, puis aux nomades et etrangers (Martine Kaluszynski, << Alphonse Bertillon et l'anthropometrie >>, in Maintiens de l'ordre etpolice en France et en Europe au XIXe siecle, sous la direction de Philippe Vigier et al.
En 1883, el mismo ano en que la policia de Paris adopto su sistema para identificar a criminales reincidentes, Bertillon publico Les races sauvages, tratado sobre las "costumbres" de algunos pueblos de America, Oceania y de las "regiones boreales", ilustrado con grabados basados en fotografias de sujetos coloniales franceses.
16) Como ha sido senalado por la critica, Gestos pertenece cronologica y tematicamente al conjunto de las novelas de los primeros anos de la Revolucion Cubana, entre los que se destacan Bertillon 166 (1960) de Jose Soler Puig, No hay problema (1961) de Edmundo Desnoes, Los dias de nuestra angustia (1962) de Noel Navarro, El perseguido (1964) de Cesar Leante, En ciudad semejante (1970) de Lisandro Otero.
La tarjeta contenia todos los datos necesarios para la identificacion, los que provenian del sistema que el mismo Bertillon habia bautizado como portrait parle (AGAMBEN, 2011).
It can be said that the modern bases of biometric systems were laid by Frenchman Alphonse Bertillon in the 19th century.
Amanita virosa (Lamarck) Bertillon, nueva para la Comunidad Valenciana.
Alphonse Bertillon, the legendary head of the forensic investigation department, carried out a thorough search of the crime scene.
La narrativa dominicana dificilmente tenia el tono desproblematizado de la epica cubana de aquellos anos en obras como Bertillon 166 (1960) de Jose Soler Puig, Biografia de un cimarron (1966) de Miguel Barnet y Joy (1977) de Daniel Chavarria.