Alphonse Bertillon

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Alphonse Bertillon
Birthday
BirthplaceParis, France
Died
Occupation
law enforcement officer and biometrics researcher

Bertillon, Alphonse

 

Born Apr. 22,1853, inParis; died there on Feb. 3, 1914. French criminologist who devised several police methods for solving criminal cases.

Bertillon was the head of the bureau of forensic identification of the Paris prefecture. The system of methods devised by Bertillon for forensic identification (establishing identity) is called Bertillonage in bourgeois criminology. The system included anthropometry, a verbal portrait, descriptive photography (a technical means of portrait photography in which a person’s distinctive features are highlighted very clearly), and a description of a person’s distinctive marks. Beginning in 1890 and until the early 20th century, Bertillonage was used by the police of all countries, but later it was gradually replaced by a new system of criminal registration, fingerprinting. Bertillon appeared in the legal proceedings of the Dreyfus affair as a legal handwriting expert and gave false testimony that ascribed the authorship of a document—the bordereau—to Dreyfus.

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Bertillon intenta individualizar a quien retrata, establecer las caracteristicas de cada especimen en concreto y sobre todo desarrollar un sistema que permita recuperar esa informacion.
Probably not, and therefore one's rage at Bertillon may not be entirely justified.
Since the Bertillonage System based on anthropometry and the first police laboratory for criminal identification were set up by Alphonse Bertillon in 1870, the techniques have been refined and new equipment has been developed.
Ese fue el resultado de aplicar a los delincuentes comunes (17), a las prostitutas, y a una difusa gama de enemigos politicos las tecnicas de identificacion fotografica creadas y teorizadas por Alphonse Bertillon (18531914) y el doctor Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) aunque la fotografia no fuese documento en un juicio criminal ...
Al componerlo podria haber empleado el sistema moderno: me hubiera dirigido a todos y cada uno de los espanoles; les hubiera tomado las medidas; los hubiera clasificado, como se clasifican [sic] a los criminales segun Bertillon, y hubiera deducido el tipo medio de nuestra raza.
De la fascinacion del retrato fotografico se salto a la morbosa seduccion con la fotografia judiciaria de Bertillon (Brusatin, 1992, p.103) y de alli al horror por la invasion a la privacidad.
The anthropometric system, devised by Alphonse Bertillon, had spread throughout most police forces in Europe throughout the 1890s.
With the second half of the 19th century, photography became much more easily available and was used on a wide scale to identify and locate recidivists (O'Brien 2012: 73) and Holmes himself admits being familiar with the Bertillon method (NAVA: 396; HOUN: 587).
Luys y sus "teorias que pareciam definitivamente sepultadas", lo cual implica reconocer la relevancia concedida por este psiquiatra a la fotografia--una forma de rajar el ser (Didi-Huberman, La ressemblance)--en el tratamiento de la histeria, algo solo comparable a la aplicacion de ese mismo recurso, por parte de Bertillon, en la pesquisa policial (14).