Besançon

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Besançon

(bəzäNsôN`), city (1990 pop. 119,134), capital of Doubs dept., E France, in Franche-Comté, on the Doubs. An industrial town with metallurgical, textile, and food-processing industries, it is especially famous for its clock and watch manufactures; its watch school is world renowned. Of Gallo-Roman origin, Besançon was an archiepiscopal see from the 5th cent. Although part of the kingdom of BurgundyBurgundy
, Fr. Bourgogne , historic region, E France. The name once applied to a large area embracing several kingdoms, a free county (see Franche-Comté), and a duchy.
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, it was made (by Emperor Frederick IFrederick I
or Frederick Barbarossa
[Ital.,=red beard], c.1125–90, Holy Roman emperor (1155–90) and German king (1152–90), son of Frederick of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia, nephew and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III.
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) a free city, with special privileges for its archbishops. It maintained its independence, with interruptions, until 1648, when it passed under Spanish rule through its incorporation with Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
former province and former administrative region, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts.
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. After Louis XIVLouis XIV,
1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII. Early Reign

After his father's death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne's adviser, Cardinal Mazarin.
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's second conquest of Franche-Comté (1674), Besançon became (1676) the capital of his new province. Although bombed during World War II, many old monuments remain: Roman ruins; the 17th-century citadel on a bluff above the city's center; a cathedral (12th–16th cent.) with a bell tower that contains a 19th-century astronomical clock; and numerous buildings in Spanish Renaissance style, notably the Palais Granvelle (birthplace of Cardinal GranvelleGranvelle, Antoine Perrenot de
, 1517–86, statesman in the service of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and of King Philip II of Spain; cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, now a museum) and the imposing town hall. An intellectual center, Besançon is the seat of a university (founded 1422 in Dôle and moved to Besançon in 1691), a music academy (founded 1726), and an international music festival.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besancon brings more than 15 years of experience in the hospitality industry, including eight years with Hilton Group across the Middle East.
Cet homme de 45 ans a ete mis en examen pour "empoisonnements avec premeditation" sur sept patients ages de 37 a 53 ans, operes dans deux cliniques de Besancon, a indique la vice-procureure de Besancon, Christine De Curraize.
Bernadette Lamb (nee Miller), from Sheffield, and Pauline Sutcliffe, from Shipley, were studying French at Leeds University but were in Besancon to increase their knowledge of the language.
As the author confesses at the end of his essay, Besancon is annoyed with the French "illusions", "naivety" and "ignorance" related to Russia.
The Musee des Beaux-Arts et d'Archeologie in Besancon boasts a rich if less sizeable corpus of these, catalogued together with the other known preliminaries for the murals by John Rupert Martin in his groundbreaking monograph of 1965, and mentioned continuously in the literature over the past 50 years.
The decision, according to the Besancon hospital, was in opposition with Directive 85/374/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the member states concerning liability for defective products.
Besancon mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret said the boy had been treated for depression but had not taken his medication in recent days.
According to The Guardian, the teenager initially took 20 children hostage at the Charles Fourier pre-school in the city of Besancon at 9a.
Around 14 children have come out and at the moment there are five or six still inside," Besancon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret told France Info radio.
Besancon had been the company's Southern Pacific regional president.
A PLANE exploded soon after takeoff from the eastern French city of Besancon early today, killing the two pilots and two surgeons who had been heading for a liver removal operation.
A RETIRED schoolteacher of modest means has written a cheque for almost pounds 50,000 to his local team, Besancon Racing Club, who were threatened with relegation from the French fourth to the sixth division for financial reasons.