Besançon

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Besançon

(bəzäNsôN`), city (1990 pop. 119,134), capital of Doubs dept., E France, in Franche-Comté, on the Doubs. An industrial town with metallurgical, textile, and food-processing industries, it is especially famous for its clock and watch manufactures; its watch school is world renowned. Of Gallo-Roman origin, Besançon was an archiepiscopal see from the 5th cent. Although part of the kingdom of BurgundyBurgundy
, Fr. Bourgogne , historic region, E France. The name once applied to a large area embracing several kingdoms, a free county (see Franche-Comté), and a duchy.
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, it was made (by Emperor Frederick IFrederick I
or Frederick Barbarossa
[Ital.,=red beard], c.1125–90, Holy Roman emperor (1155–90) and German king (1152–90), son of Frederick of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia, nephew and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III.
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) a free city, with special privileges for its archbishops. It maintained its independence, with interruptions, until 1648, when it passed under Spanish rule through its incorporation with Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
former province and former administrative region, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts.
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. After Louis XIVLouis XIV,
1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII. Early Reign

After his father's death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne's adviser, Cardinal Mazarin.
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's second conquest of Franche-Comté (1674), Besançon became (1676) the capital of his new province. Although bombed during World War II, many old monuments remain: Roman ruins; the 17th-century citadel on a bluff above the city's center; a cathedral (12th–16th cent.) with a bell tower that contains a 19th-century astronomical clock; and numerous buildings in Spanish Renaissance style, notably the Palais Granvelle (birthplace of Cardinal GranvelleGranvelle, Antoine Perrenot de
, 1517–86, statesman in the service of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and of King Philip II of Spain; cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, now a museum) and the imposing town hall. An intellectual center, Besançon is the seat of a university (founded 1422 in Dôle and moved to Besançon in 1691), a music academy (founded 1726), and an international music festival.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Besancon brings more than 15 years of experience in the hospitality industry, including eight years with Hilton Group across the Middle East.
Bernadette Lamb (nee Miller), from Sheffield, and Pauline Sutcliffe, from Shipley, were studying French at Leeds University but were in Besancon to increase their knowledge of the language.
Even from the beginning of the essay, Besancon correctly notices that the history of Russia cannot be understood without a reference to Eastern spirituality: "the Orthodoxy is a bond for the Russian people (p.
The decision, according to the Besancon hospital, was in opposition with Directive 85/374/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the member states concerning liability for defective products.
According to The Guardian, the teenager initially took 20 children hostage at the Charles Fourier pre-school in the city of Besancon at 9a.m., but released most of them about an hour later.
"Around 14 children have come out and at the moment there are five or six still inside," Besancon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret told France Info radio.
Besancon had been the company's Southern Pacific regional president.
The plane crashed after the explosion 1,000 feet from the end of the runway of Besancon airport, according to the regional emergency situations department.
A RETIRED schoolteacher of modest means has written a cheque for almost pounds 50,000 to his local team, Besancon Racing Club, who were threatened with relegation from the French fourth to the sixth division for financial reasons.
Nick Palmer, 22, a sound engineering graduate,has just spent three months studying in Besancon in east France.
Architecturaly Franche-Comte is not left short with the stunning Medievel castle at Montbeliard open almost every day of the year, the 17th century citadel that stands impossing over the region's capital Besancon, which also houses a small museum and zoo, and the remarkable World Heritage Site of the royal saltworks at Arc et Senans.