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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(pseudonym of VissarionGabashvili). Born 1750 in Tbilisi; died Jan. 24 (Feb. 4), 1791, in Iaşi. Georgian poet and political figure.

Besiki’s father was ZakhariiGabashvili, the royal confessor and a writer. He was raised at the court of the king of Kartli and Kakheti, Erekle II. He was chief secretary to the king of Imeretiia, Solomon I. In 1787, Besiki was sent to Russia as head of a diplomatic mission. As envoy he was attached to the staff of Field Marshal G. A. Potemkin in the Ukraine and Moldavia.

Besiki became famous as a lyric poet and author of elegant love songs: “The Stature of a Beauty,” “Garden of Melancholy,” “I Understood Your Accusations,” “Two Thrushes,” and others. The ode “Aspindza,” which was written in honor of the victory of the Georgian troops over the invading Turkish hordes in 1770 near the small town of Aspindza (southern Georgia), stands out among his patriotic odes and messages. Besiki also wrote satirical verses and epigrams. A fine master of verse and an innovator in the field of prosody, Besiki influenced Georgian poetry of the second half of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. The novel Besiki (1942–47) by A. Beliashvili is devoted to the life and work of Besiki.


Thhswlebatha srwli kkrebwli. Tiflis, 1932.


Baramidze, A., Sh. Radiani, and B. Zhgenti. Istoriia gruzinskoi literatury. Tbilisi, 1958.
Antologiia gruzinskoi poezii. Moscow, 1958.
Baramidze, Al. Narkkvevebi kharthwli litterattwris isttoriidan, 2nd ed. Tbilisi, 1940.
Leonidze, G. Besikki. Tbilisi, 1953.
Kkekkelidze, Kk. Kharthwli litterattwris isttoria, 2nd ed. Tbilisi, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(163) See, e.g., BESIKI KUTATELADZE ET AL., VERA INST, OF JUSTICE, RACE AND PROSECUTION IN MANHATTAN (2014), (finding race to be a factor in case outcomes); Angela J.
study of New York City, Besiki Kutateladze and his co-authors found
2013) (finding NYC's stop-and-frisk program unconstitutional); see also BESIKI KUTATELADZE ET AL., VERA INST.
(264.) See, e.g., Besiki Kutateladze et al., Vera Inst, of Justice, Do Race and Ethnicity Matter in Prosecution?
Ravinder went down to Kazakhstan's Almat Kebispayev 0- 3 in the 59kg category while Harpreet lost 1- 3 to Uzbekistan's Saldadze Besiki in 80kg.
The first is a 2009 state punitiveness score borrowed from Besiki Kutateladze.
Habibollah Akhlaghi defeated the Uzbek wrestler Besiki Saldadze in the 84kg class and claimed gold for the Iranian team.
And there's good reason to believe they can break their duck in their penultimate group match against Namibia, who they beat earlier this year.Squad:Backs: Pavle Jimsheladze, Otar Barkalaia, Merab Kvirikashvili, Besiki Khamashuridze, Irakli Machkhaneli, Giorgi Shkinin, Giorgi Elizbarashvili, Otar Eloshvili, Malkhaz Urjukashvili, Irakli Giorgadze, David Kacharava, Revaz Guigauri, Irakli Abuseridze, Bidzina Samkharadze.Forwards: Goderdzi Shvelidze, Avtandil Kopaliani, Mamuka Magrakvelidze, David Khinchagashvili, David Zirakashvili, Akvsenti Giorgadze, Ilia Zedginidze, Victor Didebulidze, Mamuka Gorgodze, Levan Datunashvili, Grigol Labadze, Besarion Udesian, Rati Urushadze, Giorgi Chkhkaidze, Zviad Maisuradze, Ilia Maisuradze.
One would have liked a transliterated illustration of the hypnotic rhyme schemes of the twelfth-century court poet Grigol Chakhrukhadze, who sang of Queen Tamar 'xma-narnari, p'ir-mcinari | mze-mcinari, sacinari, c' q' ali mknari, momdinari ...' (of soothing voice, smiling face | smiling sun, visible to all, rushing water, flowing by ...), or of the heady, seductive verse of Besiki (t' ano-t' at' ano, gulc' amt' ano, ucxod marebo!