Thalassemia

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thalassemia

[‚thal·ə′sē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
A hereditary form of hemolytic anemia resulting from a defective synthesis of hemoglobin: thalassemia major is the homozygous state accompanied by clinical illness, and thalassemia minor is the heterozygous state and may not have evident clinical manifestations. Also known as Mediterranean anemia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thalassemia

 

(also thalassanemia), a familial hemolytic anemia, first detected in 1925 among inhabitants of the Mediterranean region. Thalassemia is caused by disturbances in hemoglobin synthesis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Key words: Iron deficiency anaemia, beta thalassaemia trait, complete blood count.
The coroner ruled the cause of death was multi-organ failure and cardiac shock caused by pneumonia with renal failure, liver disfunction and beta thalassaemia. She also dismissed a claim by the family that care had been withdrawn without their permission, referring to medical notes which indicated that care would continue.
The studies done among the tribal groups in Orissa showed the prevalence rate of Beta thalassaemia trait from 6.3% to 8.64%.
In Pakistan beta thalassaemia major is one of the most serious medical problems.
The blood film appearance is similar to beta thalassaemia trait, with hypochromia, microcytosis and the presence of target cells.
He was born with beta thalassaemia major, a potentially fatal genetic disorder.
He was born with beta thalassaemia major, a serious and potentially fatal genetic disorder.
An unnamed British couple hoped a so-called "saviour sibling" would help their child, who has the life-threatening condition beta thalassaemia major, a form of anaemia leading to a lack of oxygen in the body.
The idea was that their IVF baby would be a bone marrow match for their son Zain, who suffers from a potentially fatal blood disorder, beta thalassaemia.
But two attempts to produce a baby to save their four year-old son Zain, who has the rare blood disorder beta thalassaemia, have failed.
Keywords: Beta thalassaemia trait, BTT, Iron deficiency, Iron overload.