chard

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Related to Beta vulgaris var. cicla: leaf beet, Silverbeet, chards

chard:

see artichokeartichoke,
name for two different plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family), both having edible parts. The French, or globe, artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a thistlelike plant of which the globular flower heads are used in the immature state as a salad or vegetable;
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; beetbeet,
biennial or annual root vegetable of the family Chenopodiaceae (goosefoot family). The beet (Beta vulgaris) has been cultivated since pre-Christian times. Among its numerous varieties are the red, or garden, beet, the sugar beet, Swiss chard, and several types of
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.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chard

 

(Beta cicla, B. vulgardis cicla), a biennial vegetable and ornamental plant. The leaves (leaf varieties) or the petioles (petiole varieties) are used in various foods. Ornamental varieties have beautiful curly, wrinkled leaves with variously colored petioles and leaf veins (mostly red or yellow). Chard is cultivated in Western and Southern Europe, the United States, and other regions. In the USSR it is seldom cultivated.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.