alanine

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alanine

(ăl`ənēn'), organic compound, one of the 20 amino acidsamino acid
, any one of a class of simple organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in certain cases sulfur. These compounds are the building blocks of proteins.
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 commonly found in animal proteins. Only the l-stereoisomer participates in the biosynthesis of proteins (see stereochemistrystereochemistry,
study of the three-dimensional configuration of the atoms that make up a molecule and the ways in which this arrangement affects the physical and chemical properties of the molecule.
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). Its side chain is a nonpolar, hydrophobic methyl group. The low reactivity of the amino acid permits silk, a protein which contains some 30% alanine, to have a simple, elongated structure with few cross-links. This contributes to the desirable features of the fiber-strength, resistance to stretching, and flexibility. Alanine is not essential to the human diet, since it can be synthesized from other cellular metabolites. It was discovered in protein in 1875.

alanine

[′al·ə‚nēn]
(biochemistry)
C3H7NO2 A white, crystalline, nonessential amino acid of the pyruvic acid family.
References in periodicals archive ?
The global Beta-Alanine market was valued at $XX million in 2018, and Radiant Insights Research analysts predict the global market size will reach $XX million by the end of 2028, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2018 and 2028.
In these studies NaHC[O.sub.3] resulted in enhanced performance after supplementation only for one exercise task (Painelli et al., 2013; Duncan et al., 2014) or only in combination with beta-alanine (Painelli et al., 2013) or caffeine (Felippe et al., 2016).
CarnoSyn is the only beta-alanine that has successfully obtained NDI status with the US FDA.
The absorption of orally supplied beta-alanine and its effect on muscle carnosine synthesis in human vastus lateralis.
The US Patent and Trademark Office's new accepted application is part of the company's global patent estate covering its CarnoSyn instant release beta-alanine product.
Muscle Carnosine Metabolism and Beta-Alanine Supplementation in Relation to Exercise and Training.
In KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, there were 4 KEGG pathways commonly significantly enriched in the upregulated DE genes between the comparisons of A versus M and C versus M, which were of histidine metabolism, beta-alanine metabolism, and glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, and 10 KEGG pathways commonly significantly enriched in the downregulated DE genes between C versus M and A versus M comparisons and which were mainly involved in Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, and cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway.
The beta-alanine and creatine powders were purchased from General Nutrition Center (GNC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA).
The company has also introduced its SR CarnoSyn--a new sustained release beta-alanine powder.
The effects of 10 weeks of resistance training combined with beta-alanine supplementation on whole body strength, force production, muscular endurance and body composition.
VITAMINS Multivitamin 67 Vitamin C 60 Vitamin D 44 Multivitamin with minerals 42 Vitamin B12 39 Vitamin B6 32 Vitamin B complex 31 Vitamin E 29 Vitamin A 26 Beta-carotene 14 MINERALS % Magnesium 44 Calcium 43 Iron 38 Zinc 31 Potassium 24 Folic acid 20 Niacin 16 Selenium 16 Phosphorus 14 Copper 12 Chromium picolinate 8 Sodium bicarbonate 8 Cobalt 5 ERGOGENIC % Caffeine 72 Omega-3, -6 or -9 fish oils 38 Calorie replacements 26 Energy drinks 22 Creatine 14 Glucosamine/chondroitin 12 MCT oils 11 HMB 2 Pyruvate 1 PROTEIN/OTHER % Amino acids 29 Egg protein 23 Whey protein 21 Glutamine 18 Soy protein and isoflavones 16 Rice protein 14 Branched-chain amino acids 14 Arginine 10 Pea protein 9 Casein protein 8 Aspartic acid 6 Beta-alanine 5 Hemp protein 5 Weight-gain powders 3
(“DNP”) announced today that, effective immediately, DNP will exit the beta-alanine business.