beta cell

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Related to Beta-cell: Islet of Langerhans

beta cell

[′bād·ə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the basophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
One of the cells of the islets of Langerhans which produce insulin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Early treatment of youth with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes may require other medications alone or in combination or for longer periods of time to combat the severe insulin resistance of puberty and arrest progressive loss of beta-cell function," Sonia Caprio, MD, said at the World Congress on Insulin Resistance, Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease.
However, only the responders demonstrated early and sustained improvement in beta-cell function.
Ye et al., "Overexpression of glutathione peroxidase 4 prevents beta-cell dysfunction induced by prolonged elevation of lipids in vivo," American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.
Role of apoptosis in pancreatic beta-cell death in diabetes.
Historical perspective: beginnings of the beta-cell: current perspectives in beta-cell development.
The trial, carried out by Health Diagnostic Laboratory Inc (HDL), tested 1,687 patients at risk for cardiovascular disease under routine clinical care with a comprehensive panel of biomarkers associated with IR, beta-cell function and glycemic control.
Third, VEGF-A was not involved when the beta-cell mass increased in an obese mouse model of type 2 diabetes in response to rising glucose levels.
This finding indicates that before the onset of diabetes, the inhibition of autoimmunity (exerted by ATRA) is more important than the promotion of beta-cell regeneration (exerted by exendin-4).
Postnatal expansion of the pancreatic beta-cell mass is dependent on survivin.
"Betatrophin: A Hormone that Controls Pancreatic Beta-Cell Proliferation." Cell published online 25 April 2013.