lactam

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Related to Beta-lactam antibiotics: beta-lactamase, Aminoglycosides

lactam

[′lak‚tam]
(organic chemistry)
An internal (cyclic) amide formed by heating gamma (γ) and delta (δ) amino acids; thus γ-aminobutyric acid readily forms γ-butyrolactam (pyrrolidone); many lactams have physiological activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][18] conducted a randomized controlled trial in 25 ICUs to evaluate the efficacy of continuous versus intermittent infusion of beta-lactam antibiotics in patients with severe sepsis and found no difference between treatment groups in clinical cure rates (52.
The authors say their study findings in mice raise the possibility that prescribing beta-lactam antibiotics to treat infections in humans may worsen the infection, should the source prove to be MRSA.
coli because of high rate of beta-lactam antibiotics consumption in our hospitals and also a wrong culture of self- consumption of antibiotics.
These bacteria are resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics, such as methicillin, amoxicillin, penicillin, and oxacillin.
The best evidence right now is that for simple cellulitis (no purulence, abscess, or exudate), treatment with a beta-lactam antibiotic is the best option.
The MaxSignal Beta-Lactam ELISA Test Kit was developed to ease these concerns and assure that food is free of beta-lactam antibiotic residues.
Metallo-beta-lactamases are able to hydrolyze virtually all beta-lactam antibiotics including carbapenems.
Analysis of twelve beta-lactam antibiotics in human plasma by HPLC with ultraviolet detection.
Irreversible effects of serum proteins on beta-lactam antibiotics.
Beta-lactamase inhibitors restore or potentiate the activity of beta-lactam antibiotics.
and Enterome Bioscience SA have entered into an agreement to conduct metagenomic research on the effects of beta-lactam antibiotics on the gastrointestinal microflora (microbiome) of human patients.

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