pilocarpine

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pilocarpine

pilocarpine (pīlōkärˈpēn), naturally occurring alkaloid obtained from plants of the genus Pilocarpus (family Rutaceae). By mimicking the effects of acetylcholine, pilocarpine acts as a stimulant of the parasympathetic nervous system. It promotes the flow of saliva and urine and increases perspiration. Because it increases the outflow of fluid from the eye, reduces the pressure within the eye, and causes the pupil to contract, the drug is used to treat some types of glaucoma. It is also used for some tongue disorders.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pilocarpine

 

a cholinomimetic medicine. Pilocarpine is an alkaloid that is obtained from the plant Pilocarpus pinnatifolius, which grows mainly in Brazil. Supplied as the hydrochloride salt, it is used as an ointment or in droplet form for the treatment of certain eye diseases, including glaucoma.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pilocarpine

[‚pī·lə′kär‚pēn]
(organic chemistry)
C11H16N2O2 An alkaloid, in either oil or crystal form, melting at 34°C; soluble in chloroform, water, and alcohol; used in medicine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.