and in that case a European war could scarcely be prevented" (see Bethmann Hollweg
to Pourtales, 29 July 1914, in Geiss, ed., July 1914, 285).
That the United States joined the Entente in fighting against Germany does not preclude that Bethmann Hollweg
and the rest of the diplomatic corps worked within their diplomatic belief pattern and successfully maintained American neutrality until April 1917.
All of the statesmen--Berchtold, Bethmann Hollweg
, Poincare, Sazonov, and Grey--in one manner or another failed to visualize the consequences of a general war upon future European stability.
Esa era la "estrategia de riesgo calculado" perseguida, con cierta ambiguedad, por el canciller del Reich von Bethmann Hollweg
. Lo que sorprende aun hoy a los historiadores es que una decision tan grave y comprometedora, como la asumida el 5 y 6 de julio por el Kaiser, no fuese tratada en un Consejo de la Corona, como se hizo por hechos menos graves en otras circunstancias, y que no se haya involucrado en las decisiones a los responsables de la sociedad civil o a otros sectores del Estado.
Berlin officially responded this time to Churchill's call in the form of a statement by Bethmann Hollweg
to the Reichstag that Germany had yet to receive formal proposals from the British government.
The fact that German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg
refused to plant trees on his country estate because he believed it would soon be overrun by Russians tells us much about the depressed and pessimistic frame of mind of one of the key decision-makers in the July Crisis.
(22) The German Chancellor at the time, Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
, stated that before 1914 politicians were excluded from the military's discussions of military plans and preparations.
fulfil the 'Tirpitz plan', in spite of British high level requests for negotiation (the Haldane Mission of 1912), the path to a shooting war was taken in Berlin with grave misgivings on the part of the Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg
. (8) The Kaiser, of course, had long since given in to his doctrinaire Grand Admiral and Secretary to the Navy.
He is also adept at defining our players: A new Chancellor took office, Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
, a civil servant, but of an old and wealthy Rhineland family.
(186) They saw this as the lacuna that enabled Bethmann Hollweg
to say "scrap of paper" for the 1839 London Treaty guarantying Belgium's neutrality.
According to Crozier, who studied German-British colonial negotiations during the Weimar Republic, "On entering the First World War, Germany entertained grandiose war aims that included a vast expansion of the African part of her colonial possessions." Foreign Minister Bethmann Hollweg
's memorandum of 5 September 1914 listed the "creation of a cohesive Central African colonial empire" among other aims, such as the acquisition of Luxemburg and southern Belgium or the establishment of a central European economic federation under German leadership.
Twenty years ago, I was inclined to think that Pericles was less like Bismarck than like the last pre-World War I German chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
, and I still suspect that the embargo against Megara was aimed at dividing Corinth from Sparta and splitting the Peloponnesian League so that Athens could fight an inevitable war on favorable terms.