Memories of betrayal trauma bypass the cortex, where they might be processed by the rational part of the brain.
Whether they are stuck in the instinctive sections of the brain or in some other part of the body, when the emotions are not processed and brought into consciousness, especially in the case of betrayal trauma, Dayton says, "The experience of care and attention is confused with pain and abuse" (Dayton, 2000, Ch.
Dayton, as well as Zimberoff and Hartman, contend that the end result of betrayal trauma, and the shock that ensues, can often lead to dissociation and other behaviors that allow the victim to separate from the feelings evoked by the original trauma.
In Freyd's book, she reviews the traditional view of betrayal trauma theory, and implies that it is not adequate because of the way it deals with cognitive information blockage, betrayal blindness and traumatic amnesia.
The second complication that occurs as a result of betrayal trauma, and which also can foster circumstances that lead to addiction, is a difficulty on the part of the affected person in determining and/or heeding risk.
The lack of a sense of what is risky to oneself or others can stem from betrayal, and lead to substance abuse, because survivors of betrayal trauma not only have difficulty determining what is risky; they may have yet another pathological device at work.
The third, and perhaps most devastating of the things a person suffering betrayal trauma might do, is develop a pattern of self-destructive behavior.
Self-destructive ideation behavior, which can encompass self-harm and tendency toward suicide, has been linked to betrayal trauma.
Betrayal trauma, such as living with an abusive parent or being sexually assaulted by an authority figure, can often lead to self-destructive behavior.
Tian Dayton notes that if people do not bring betrayal trauma out into the open, the pain of the experience will be triggered when there is an attempt made at constructing an intimate relationship.
Through institutional courage, this can be the beginning of an era of not feeling betrayed by police brutality: not because people lie under the cloak of betrayal blindness, but because institutional betrayal traumas
, such as the deaths of black Americans by police, no longer plague our society.