betta

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betta

(bĕt`ə) or

fighting fish,

small, freshwater fish of the genus Betta, found in Thailand and the Malay Peninsula. Best known is the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens. Mature males of this species are about 2 in. (5 cm) long. In its native waters B. splendens is drab with small fins, but several centuries of breeding have produced multicolored varieties with extremely enlarged decorative fins, highly prized as aquarium fishes. Males of this species are extremely aggressive, and in Thailand they are used in fighting contests lasting as long as six hours, with spectators betting on the outcome. Bettas thrive in shallow, sunlit areas with soft or sandy bottoms. Males secrete a mucous, with which they build bubble nests. After the female of a pair lays her eggs, both members transfer them to the nest, which is then guarded by the male. Several hundred young hatch out in 24 to 30 days. Like its relatives the gouramigourami
, tropical freshwater fish of the labyrinth fish suborder. Like other members of that suborder, gouramis have a labyrinthine breathing apparatus connected to each gill chamber that enables them to utilize atmospheric oxygen. They can therefore live in oxygen-poor water.
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 and the climbing perchclimbing perch,
 climbing gourami,
or walking fish,
any of several fish of the family Anabantidae, adapted to living in oxygen-depleted water or on dry land. They are not related to the true perch.
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, the betta is equipped to breathe air as well as water and must surface from time to time. It is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Osphronemidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Experiment 2: Effects of chronic poisoning on the display in Betta splendens
These results appear to indicate, for chronic poisoning, a detoxification-dependent effect from methylmercury on various emotional parameters in Betta splendens.
The present experiment sought to analyze the effects of acute and chronic mercury poisoning on aggressive behavior in Betta splendens.
When we analyze the topography of the response, instead of using a more global category, we see more clearly an emotional modulation of the agonistic behavior of the Betta.
Meanwhile, the references in the literature about monoaminergic modulation of the display of the Betta splendens are different (cf.
Effects of LSD-25 upon Betta splendens: A reliability of a bioassay technique.
Commitments to aggression and nest sites in male Betta splendens.
Social reinforcement in Betta splendens: A reconsideration.
Breeding, paternal behavior, and their interruption in Betta splendens.
Agonistic and reproductive interactions in Betta splendens.
Display vigour and subsequent fight performance in the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens.
Motor inervation of respiratory muscles and an opercular display muscle in Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens.