Betty Friedan


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Betty Friedan
Bettye Naomi Goldstein
Birthday
BirthplacePeoria, Illinois, United States
Died
NationalityUnited States of America
Known for Reshaping the attitudes of Americans toward the lives and rights of women.

Friedan, Betty (Naomi Goldstein)

(1921–  ) author, feminist leader; born in Peoria, Ill. A summa cum laude graduate from Smith (1942), she was awarded fellowships for working toward a doctorate in psychology but abandoned this under the influence of what she would later call "the feminine mystique." She married in 1947 and for almost the next 20 years lived the life of a conventional suburban housewife/mother. (She had three children; she would get divorced in 1969.) As a result of surveys of female college graduates, she came to identify certain problems that women were experiencing in their lives, and after several years of research she published The Feminine Mystique (1963), an exposé of the traditional roles assigned to women in modern industrial societies; although not an especially profound critique, it became an international best-seller and is credited with generating the so-called second wave of modern feminism. In 1966 she was one of the founders of the National Organization for Women (NOW) and served as its first president (1966–70), moving on to other activities promoting the advancement of women. Through her writings, lecturing, organizational work, and outspokenness, she became one of the most influential feminist leaders of the late 20th century. In 1982, feeling that some individuals and elements of the feminist movement had gone off into extreme positions, she published The Second Stage, calling for a more balanced approach in the women's movement, and in 1993 she published The Fountain of Age, about the ways that older people can find satisfaction in their lives.
References in periodicals archive ?
Betty Friedan and the Making of the Feminine Mystique: The American Left, The Cold War, and Modern Feminism.
Paralelamente ao evento oficial, acontecia a Tribuna Internacional, da qual participavam organizacoes feministas "nao oficiais, algumas bastante radicais", como Betty Friedan. Nesta Tribuna, em "ambiente bem mais agitado", segundo a percepcao de Heloneida, estavam presentes Isabel Allende (chilena), e outras representantes de varias partes do mundo, varias delas descontentes com o aspecto formal da Conferencia e por nao terem recebido credenciais, como fez uma indiana, que, sacudindo sua sandalia bordada, disse: "Nesse sapato, a artesa faz tudo; o homem apenas prega a sola e ganha o dobro.
Freud, who put together Saffioti, and two key feminist women at the time, Simone de Beauvoir and Betty Friedan.
Was it Betty Friedan who used the phrase "quiet desperation" to describe the lives of housewives?
A inicios de la decada de 1960, en Estados Unidos, Betty Friedan cuestiono a profundidad el estilo de vida, trabajo y familia de la esposa educada de la clase media, desenmascarando dichos fenomenos como injustos, desiguales, absurdos y destructivos.
This 50th anniversary edition of Betty Friedan's classic liberal feminist treatise, The Feminine Mystique, contains dozens of critical reflections on the text itself, its influences, its reception and the circumstances surrounding it, and its legacy.
But in 1963, Betty Friedan published The Feminine Mystique, which explored the idea that many women were unhappy in the role of housewife.
There used to be a Women's Club, and it could attract a crowd of 50 to see the feminist icon Betty Friedan give a speech.
1921: Betty Friedan. Feminist, who famously described the home as "a comfortable concentration camp".
In The Feminine Mystique, Jewish-raised Betty Friedan struck out against a postwar American culture that pressured women to play the role of subservient housewives.
In the last few years, feminism has lost several leaders with Jewish backgrounds--including, notably, Betty Friedan, Andrea Dworkin, Rita Arditti, and--just last month--Adrienne Rich.
ALMOST 50 YEARS AFTER THE publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique, studies show that women still earn between 75 and 81 cents for every dollar men earn.