Beveridge Report


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Beveridge Report

a report setting out the principles which informed the creation of the British WELFARE STATE immediately after World War II. The formal title of the report is Social Insurance and Allied Services (published in 1942), but it is more commonly known after its author, William Beveridge (1879-1963).

Influenced by a KEYNESIAN ECONOMIC model which promoted full employment, and following the interwar economic depressions, Beveridge wanted to create a social policy which would eradicate what he considered to be the five great problems of idleness, ignorance, disease, squalor and want. The report advocated the introduction of social insurance to provide a universal system of social security (including family allowances) and a universal, comprehensive and free NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE. Although the Beveridge Report gained wide support, it has been criticized for establishing a meagre system of benefits and for reinforcing a wife's economic dependence on her husband since, according to the scheme, in the case of a married couple, only the man could claim. See also POVERTY.

References in periodicals archive ?
The founding document of the British welfare state, the World War II-era Beveridge Report, was as much a response to political demands as to economic hardship.
They started medical school during the Second World War, not long after the 1942 Beveridge Report, which called for health and social care changes and led to the creation of the NHS.
In her first intervention since being forced to stand aside over bullying claims, Debbie Abrahams calls for a new Beveridge Report - 76 years after it led to the NHS and benefits system.
The Beveridge report would still be gathering dust, it not for the Labour Government enacting it in 1948.
Two others actually had copies of The Beveridge Report, which recommended a safety net of national insurance handed down by their fathers.
The Tax Credits Act, passed in July 2002, was hailed as the biggest reform since the Beveridge Report and aimed to make a difference to the working poor.
It is so much contrary to the spirit after the war influenced as it was by the Beveridge report.
| In 1925 The Beveridge Report recommended a widows, orphans and old age contribution pension for manual and low wage workers.
It was an important, nation-defining moment when following the Beveridge Report, the Attlee government brought in, for the first time in the 1940s, a comprehensive national insurance system.
The Beveridge report of 1942 paid due attention to New Zealand.
Es interesante destacar ademas que muchas veces se le otorga un tratamiento meramente introductorio (13) al autor de uno de los documentos (Beveridge Report) que despertaron mayor interes en la sociedad de la epoca, y que dentro del mundo academico fue uno de los mas citados inmediatamente despues de su publicacion (14).