Beyazid II


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Beyazid II,

1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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 he put down the revolt of his brother Jem. A peace-loving monarch, Beyazid did little to advance Ottoman power but much to further culture. He warred (1485–91) with the Mamluks of Egypt, to whom he lost Cilicia, and allowed Cyprus to be seized (1489) by Venice. A war (1499–1503) with Venice ended to the sultan's disadvantage, after which he renovated his army and navy. Beyazid speedily rebuilt Constantinople after it was devastated (1509) by an earthquake. In 1510 civil war broke out between Beyazid's sons Selim ISelim I
(Selim the Grim) , 1467–1520, Ottoman sultan (1512–20). He ascended the throne of the Ottoman Empire by forcing the abdication of his father, Beyazid II, and by killing his brothers.
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 and Ahmed. In 1512, Beyazid was forced to abdicate by Selim's supporters, who included the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
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. Selim then became sultan.
References in periodicals archive ?
He worked as an artist for the Medici in Florence, Corvinus in Hungary, and Pope Leo X; a civil engineer for Ludovico in Milan and Ottoman Sultan Beyazid II in Constantinople; a military architect in Venice; a cartographer for the family of Pope Alexander VI; an anatomist with Marcantonio della Torre in Pavia and Padua; and finally, as a military and civil engineer for Francis I of France, who captured Milan and took Leonardo back to France as a valuable trophy of war.
In that incident, the Turkish sultan, Beyazid II, accepted Jews into the Ottoman Empire, the predecessor of modern Turkey, after they had been expelled from Spain.
She describes how both Michelangelo and Leonardo were courted by the ruling sultan Beyazid II and points out the similarities between the Hagia Sophia and Bramante's centralised design for St Peter's with hemispherical domes and two towers.