bey

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bey

(bā), general title of respect used by Turkish peoples since ancient times. Originally given to tribal leaders, it was later used by the Ottomans to denote a provincial ruler. At first the Ottoman beys were appointed, but by the 18th cent. the title had become hereditary. In Ottoman Egypt, the beys were descendants of the former Mamluk rulers.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bey

 

(Turkic; Russian, bai), in Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, the Altai, and, in part, the Caucasus. Before the October Revolution, a rich man, major landowner, livestock owner, or moneylender. The bey appeared in the precapitalist period. Toward the beginning of the 20th century there also arose a stratum of bey who belonged to the urban trade and industrial bourgeoisie.


Bey

 

(Turkic—ruler, master, prince; equivalent to the Arabic emir), title of the tribal and later feudal aristocracy in the Near and Middle East. In Turkey, also a form of address since the second half of the 19th century; abolished in 1934. In Tunis a bey was hereditary ruler of the country from 1705 to 1957. In certain parts of Iran tribal leaders have the title of bey.

In the regions that are now part of the USSR, the word was first encountered in the 14th century when Khan Uzbek of the Golden Horde conferred the title of bey on the Mongolian feudal lords, the noeons, who accepted Islam. The title of bey could be acquired by inheritance or conferred. In the Caucasus members of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) were called beys by the Turkic peoples. The word “bey” is placed after the name.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bey

(in the Ottoman Empire) a title given to senior officers, provincial governors, certain other officials or nobles, and (sometimes) Europeans
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps fatally, the inquest into Penny's death heard last week, Dr Beyzade noted that Penny felt 'clammy' but failed to take her blood pressure at a time when the infection must have been beginning to overwhelm her system.
Beyzade was the sixth doctor Penny had consulted that weekend.
Nitekim 1791 yilindaki mutareke ile durdurulan Rus savaslari sonrasinda sulhun gerceklesmesi durumunda, Osmanli yonetimi Bogdan voyvodaligina, Divan-i Humayun ve mukaleme tercumani olan Aleksandir Beyzade'yi getirmek isterken, Rusya'nin bu gorev icin 1786 yilinda Rusya'ya kacan ve siginan Iskerletzade Aleksandir'i onermesinden cekinilmektedir.
Mousa Beyzade's installation consists of a bed sheet hanging from the balcony, a sculpture with a hand attached instead of the genitals and glass of clear water.