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(bŭk`təpo͝or') or


(bäd`gă'ŭn), city (1991 pop. 61,405), E Nepal, in a valley 4,553 ft (1,401 m) above sea level, surrounded by high Himalayan peaks. It is a processing center for the crops of the surrounding area; textiles and ceramics are produced. A religious center, Bhaktapur was founded in 12th cent. by King Ananda Malla as Khwopa, the capital of the Newar Malla kingdom. When the Gurkhas conquered the Nepal valley in 1768, Bhaktapur surrendered peacefully, thereby escaping their plunder. Landmarks include many ornate temples and the well-preserved palace (c.1700) built by King Bhupatindra Malla. The city is known as Nepal's "Cultural Capital" and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Bhaktapur was severely damaged in the earthquakes of 1934 and 2015.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Bhatgaon, a city in Nepal. Situated in the Katmandu valley, 11 km east of the capital. Population about 35,000, primarily Newars. It is a commercial center of the agricultural region (barley, rice, wheat, millet, vegetables, and fruits). There is artisan and handicrafts production (including ceramic wares, near Bhaktapur).

Bhaktapur was founded in 865. Architectural monuments include the Palace of the 55 Windows on Darbar Square (former residence of kings of the Malla dynasty; constrution begun in 1427, rebuilt in 1697), with its Golden Gate (1756); a stone pillar with a bronze statue of King Bhupatindra Malla (18th century); the towered temple of Batsala Devi (16th to 18th centuries); on Taumadhi Square, the five-story Nyatapola pagoda-style temple (Bhavani; 1700-08); and the Bhairaba temple (1617-38; superstructure built in 1718). The national art gallery, with classic medieval painting and sculpture of Nepal, is located in Bhaktapur, as is a library of Sanskrit manuscripts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As per the police record, the same couple was arrested on May 14 for stealing cash from shops in Bhaktapur and Rupandehi districts.
One can go to Nagarkot on cheap and overcrowded public buses from Ratnapark to Bhaktapur, and, Bhaktapur to Nagarkot.
Standing outside his repair shop in Thimi, an old part of Bhaktapur where the streets are lined with workshops that once serviced the hippie buses, Prem Ratna Manandhar says he was saddened to sell his small "German bus" for a paltry 50,000 Nepalese rupees (483 dollars) to a junk yard.
After escaping chaotic Kathmandu for something more peaceful, I made my escape to Nagarkot, Bhaktapur - a beautiful and peaceful little village, 32 miles away.
A man casts his vote during the parliamentary and provincial elections in Bhaktapur, Nepal, on December 7.
He is now 17 months old, walking and talking - and often shouting out for his 10-year old sister Soniya, who was also pulled to safety in Bhaktapur, outside Kathmandu.
Prince Harry visits the municipal camp for displaced families in Bhaktapur, Nepal
FILE - In this Monday, April 27, 2015 file photo, a Nepalese man walks through destruction caused by Saturday's earthquake, in Bhaktapur, Nepal.
Tireless Becks, 40, who took part in a charity match in Bhaktapur for his new TV show, Love Of The Game, plans to visit seven countries and play seven games with the locals.
"Creation of risk maps and identification and characterization of subsurface archaeology will facilitate the future protection, preservation and presentation of the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site, specifically, the severely damaged sites of Hanuman Dhoka, Patan and Bhaktapur," Christian Manhart, UNESCO representative to Nepal, said in a statement.
More than 30 members of the Rising Culture Group, from Bhaktapur, about 10 miles from the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, had been planning to travel 5,000 miles to compete at the North Wales festival.