The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Years of birth and death unknown. Indian scholar of the second half of the seventh century.

Bhamaha was the author of the treatise Poetic Ornamentation (in six parts), written in verse form. This work is primarily devoted to the description of various rhetorical figures (upama —simile, anuprasa—alliteration, and others) and the analysis of the excellences of poetic discourse (guna) and style (riti). Bhamaha was the most prominent representative of the so-called alamkara school of Indian poetry, which considered the rhetorical figure (alamkara) to be the heart of the poetic work.


De, S. K. History of Sanskrit Poetics, 2nd ed. Calcutta, 1960.
Kane, P. V. “History of Sanskrit Poetics.” In the book Visvanatha. Sahityadarpana. Bombay, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An important watershed in this early period is Bhamaha's Ornaments of Literature (Kavyalamkara).
(9) A slightly less influential but theoretically equally important definition of comparison appeared earlier in the work Kavyalamkara ([phrase omitted]), 'The Ornament of Literature', by the seventh-century Indian writer Bhamaha ([phrase omitted], c.
The other term, sahitya, made popular by the title of the 14th century theorist Viswanatha's book on literary theory, Sahitya-darpana has its origin in Bhamaha's definition of literary discourse--sabda, word; artha, meaning; sahitau indivisibility together; kavyam literary discourse; i.e.
Bhamaha opines that kavya formation is like stringing of a garland.
Kavyalamkara of Bhamaha. Edited by Batuk Nath Sarma and Baldev Upadhyaya.
According to Bhamaha (c.7th century A.D.) the earliest rhetorician, akhyayika is a kind of literary work composed in prose, which employs words pleasing to the ear and suitable to the matter intended.
(22.) According to Bhamaha's commentary to Vararuci (cf.
The former is clearly indebted to Dandin, Bhamaha, and other pre-dhvani poeticians, who classified rasavat as a poetic figure (McCrea 2008: 42-52).
The first extant text that systematically defines and illustrates a large host of literary ornaments is Bhamaha's Kavyalamkara (Ornament of Poetry).
One curiosity: Both places Bhamaha in the fourth or fifth century, while the references he cites (P.