Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002, and a BJP lawmaker in the state was convicted of murder in 2012. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- After artists and writers, former Indian military personnel have now also started returning their medals in protest against the policies of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government.
The decision came after the Cabinet considered the report of Delhi Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung in which he had suggested dissolution of the year-old Assembly after his meeting with the Bharatiya Janata Party, Aam Aadmi Party and Congress.
Lucknow, Aug 3 ( ANI ): Workers of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) today launched a campaign to clean Gomti River in Uttar Pradesh on the lines of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Clean River Ganges' project.
NEW DELHI -- Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has been invited, along with heads of other SAARC nations, to attend the swearing-in ceremony of India's next Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 26, according to Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) sources.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has complimented Narendra Modi, India's prime minister, with the Bharatiya Janata Party's victory in the parliamentary election.
However, members of parliament from the pro-Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party and the socialist Samajwadi Party prevented the bill's passage by opposing it in the lower house.
New Delhi: Former Bharatiya Janata Party ideologue K.
BJP, the Bharatiya Janata Party, is India's Hindu nationalist opposition party.
Speaker after speaker praised India's development under the Bharatiya Janata Party--India's Hindu nationalist coalition government, which was in power from 1998 until its defeat to the Congress Party in May 2004.
The Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party's move to prevent religious conversions among Hindus in India is meant to comfort the upper castes of the Brahmin and Kshatriya ("Indian churches fight new law on conversions," November).
Vajpayee, who is currently in his third term, carried out the reshuffle apparently in a bid to improve the performance of his Bharatiya Janata Party in state elections expected to be held next year.
According to Religion News Service, the ban will go into effect throughout Gujarat, which is governed by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.

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