Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–2018, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002. A BJP state government minister was among the 32 convicted of murder in 2012, but her conviction was overturned in 2018. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], Mar 16 ( ANI ): The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP Gopal Narayan Singh on Friday said that Kishanganj, Katihar, and Araria districts of Bihar are slowly turning into 'Pakistan'.
Meanwhile, amid the opposition's hue and cry over the issue, the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has suspended Baitha from the primary membership of party for six years.
The protest by the ex-military men comes after a number of Indian filmmakers, actors, writers and scholars returned their awards in what is a growing chorus of anger at perceived intolerance and spiraling Hindu nationalism under Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the government of his ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Nirmala Sitharaman, a spokeswoman for the Bharatiya Janata Party, said all heads of government from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) "have been given invitations to be present at Mr Modi's swearing in.
The Russian leadercongratulatory message had acclaimed the traditionally friendly relations between Russia and India grounded on the Strategic Partnership Declaration that was inked in the period of office of the Bharatiya Janata Party and influenced the growth of bilateral relations for many years.
New Delhi: The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has expelled senior lawyer and MP Ram Jethmalani from the primary membership of the party for six years over "breach of discipline".
The bill had earlier been backed by Bharatiya Janata Party members in the upper house.
After the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) took full control over the Indian government in 1998, some Indian states signed new laws against Christians, banning conversion activities.
The Bharatiya Janata Party has performed poorly in recent state polls, and the party leadership wants to arrest the downswing before the next general elections due in the next two years.
15 ( ANI ): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) head of national media department Anil Baluni was elected to Rajya Sabha from Uttarakhand on Thursday.
The Bharatiya Janata Party leader demanded a chance to speak.

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