Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–2018, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002. A BJP state government minister was among the 32 convicted of murder in 2012, but her conviction was overturned in 2018. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP. In the 2019 elections the BJP, benefiting from Modi's popularity, won an increased majority.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Agencies that investigated the violence said the main responsibility lay with the Sangh Parivar, a coalition of Hindu nationalist groups that includes the Bharatiya Janata Party and its umbrella organization, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
On Monday, the opposition parties, including Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), had also threatened to launch a protest in the state if the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader is not arrested soon.
Nagpur: Former Bharatiya Janata Party chief Nitin Gadkari yesterday claimed that a "senior leader" of the UPA-II wanted his support to topple the Congress-led alliance government in New Delhi.
"There is democracy in the Bharatiya Janata Party. There are elections for every level from booth to the national president," Radha Mohan Singh, National Election Incharge of BJP said.
New Delhi: The Bharatiya Janata Party asked Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to confer Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, on former prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee this Republic Day and name the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana after him.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Aug 11 (ANI): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Chief Amit Shah has issued guidelines to the party workers for the celebration of Independence Day.
Summary: Chennai: Slamming the Congress government and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party in Karnataka for being ...
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 12 (ANI): Telugu Desam Party's (TDP) legislative council member Annam Satish Prabhakar on Friday joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the presence of party's working president Jagat Prakash Nadda.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 07 (ANI): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will hold a high-level meeting with office-bearers of all morchas on Sunday, according to sources.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 06 (ANI): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Chief Whip Narayan Lal Panchariya on Saturday issued a 'three-line whip' to the party's Rajya Sabha MPs to be present in the house on July 8 and 9.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 1 (ANI): The first phase of the review meeting of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) chaired by President of BJP membership committee, Shivraj Singh Chouhan, ended on Monday.
Summary: New Delhi [India], June 17 (ANI): The Parliamentary Board of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) will meet today, sources said.

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