Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002, and a BJP lawmaker in the state was convicted of murder in 2012. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the questions thrown up by the decisive victory of Narendra Modi-led Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) in Indian elections is how the new government would get along with its neighbors, especially, 'arch-rivals' Pakistan?
Nitin Gadhkari, President, Bharatiya Janta Party represented India.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is the ideological parent of the Bharatiya Janta Party, India's main opposition party.
The new regime of the Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janta Party (SS-BJP) had been opponents of the project.
The Bharatiya Janta Party is not respecting the equality of religion and more Indian citizens are being killed,and now the whole world knows ("India poll results: BJP loses seats but still wins in Gujarat", Gulf News, December 18).
ISLAMABAD -- ISLAMABAD: National Secretary of Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) R.
AS quiet dialogue between the Peoples Democratic Party ( PDP) and the Bharatiya Janta Party ( BJP) is going on for past two weeks, the leaders from both the parties are expecting that the government formation would not take long now.
Former minister accused Bharatiya Janta Party led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government at centre of lacking a coherent policy with regard to Pakistan and handling of separatist and militant in Jammu and Kashmir.
ISLAMABAD -- The Hurriyet leadership has strongly reacted to the manifesto of Bharatiya Janta Party, which focuses on agenda items like construction of Ram Temple, Uniform Civil Code and abrogation of Article 370 that gives special status to Indian Occupied Kashmir.
Singh is keen to get assurances from the main opposition Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janta Party that it will not fuel tensions amid reports party activists were halting trucks carrying supplies for the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley.
Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) leader Sidharth Kuncalienker told ANI that Parrikar has left for Mumbai for a medical check-up and might proceed overseas based on doctor's advice.
AS the political uncertainty continues in Jammu and Kashmir with the Peoples Democratic Party ( PDP) and the Bharatiya Janta Party ( BJP) refraining from approaching Governor NN Vohra for government formation, the Opposition on Saturday called for re- elections to end the stalemate.

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