Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–2018, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002. A BJP state government minister was among the 32 convicted of murder in 2012, but her conviction was overturned in 2018. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP. In the 2019 elections the BJP, benefiting from Modi's popularity, won an increased majority.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Those who wanted to conceal this atrocious crime included two sitting ministers of the state government belonging to the Indian ruling Bharatiya Janta Party of Prime Minister Narandra Modi.
DELHI Traffic police on Monday challaned Bharatiya Janta Party MP Vijay Goel for driving without licence and vehicle insurance just after the traffic police challaned him for violating the odd- even rule.
New Delhi: Former Indian prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, a veteran Parliamentarian and founder member of Bharatiya Janta Party who is held in high esteem across the political spectrum, will be conferred Bharat Ratna, the country's highest civilian award, on March 27.
Yashwant Sinha, a key member of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's ruling Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP), claims the government is committed to tackling issues of the poor, particularly in rural India.
As projected by political experts; the actual results rightly are; the Indian National Congress (INC) bites dust in both the states and the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) makes sweeping victory in Haryana (47 out of 90) and 'historic' win in Maharastra (123 out of 288).
The list also includes the Bolivarian Continental Co-ordinator, National Salvation Front, India's Bharatiya Janta Party and the Pakistan People's Party.
Nitin Gadhkari, President, Bharatiya Janta Party represented India.
support for the Bharatiya Janta Party's Bharat Bandh on July 5.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is the ideological parent of the Bharatiya Janta Party, India's main opposition party.
Speaking to the media after a convention of the party's lawyer's wing in the provincial capital, the former interior minister said that India's Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP)'s Jammu and Kashmir President had already discussed the party's plans of abrogating Article 370 and 35A and the intelligence agencies and foreign office too had informed the premier of this.
Forty-five years later in 1998, a revival to the demand for trifurcation came alive with the Bharatiya Janta Party's rule.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 24 (ANI): Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) has issued a whip to its members of the upper house, directing them to be present in the House on Thursday.

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