Bhils

Bhils

(bēlz), people, numbering about 3 million, who inhabit portions of Pakistan and of W central India, especially S Rajasthan and Gujarat states. They speak an Indo-European language, Bhili, and retain a distinctive culture, much affected by, but not absorbed into, Hinduism. They were traditional enemies of the Rajputs and allies of the Mughals.

Bibliography

See S. M. Doshi, Bhils (1971).

Bhils

 

a group of related Indian tribes living mainly in the mountainous areas of the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Bombay. There are about 2.8 million Bhils (1967 estimate). They speak Bhil dialects related to Indian (Indo-Aryan) languages. Their religion is Hinduism, but they preserve ancient animistic beliefs. The basic occupation is agriculture (cultivation of rice, millet, beans and vegetables); hunting and fishing play a major role in their economy. The Bhils are being assimilated by neighboring peoples (Rajasthani, Gujarati, and Marathas).

REFERENCES

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Naik, T. B. The Bhils. Delhi, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
An Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan language, it is spoken mainly by Bhils and those who migrated from India.
The Paharias, the Mundas, the Kols, the Santals, the Bhils and other indigenous groups under the leadership of Jawra Paharia, Tilka Manjhi, Sido-Kanhu Murmu, Birsa Munda, and many others fought for land rights and many of them sacrificed their lives.
An anthropometric study of Central India, Bhils of Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh.
Of the many major tribes of Gujarat, the Rathwa Bhils is a distinct tribe dwelling in the Chhota Udaipur, Naswadi, Jetpur, and Sankheda region of Gujarat.
Efforts to compel the nomadic tribes of South Asia into a sedentary and "civilized" existence generated a system of monitored settlements in the 1830s, and British officials concentrated tribal populations like the Bhils of upland Bombay Presidency--feared for their mobility and martial prowess--in "guarded villages.
Bhils using home- made bows and arrows to settle personal scores over money, land and women is not a new phenomenon in the state's Indore- Malwa region, particularly in Alirajpur and Jhabua districts.
Due to lack of proper health care for the pregnant women among Bhils, Bhilala and Pataliya tribes in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh problem of breastfeeding arises.
And if you want true local flavour you can visit the villages of the Rabaris, Bhils and Garasias.
And I remember Kamaladevi made the villagers bring out a charpoy and we sat and saw them working on the sand doing indigo printing for the Bhils.
During the feudal and colonial periods, Bhils were employed on the strength of their skills as shikaris (hunters) by the Rajputs, and as warriors by Maharana Pratap, who was waging a guerilla war against the Mughal Empire.
Temple priest Pandit Vishal Baba said Bhils looted the religious offerings, and suggested that this was a traditional practice.
Among the STs, numerically the more important tribes are the Gonds of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh; the Bhils of Rajasthan, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra; and the Santhals of Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal.