Bhopal


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Bhopal

(bō`päl), former principality, Madhya Pradesh state, central India. A region of rolling downs and thickly forested hills, it is predominantly agricultural. Its Buddhist monuments include the famous stupa (3d cent. B.C.) at Sanchi. Bhopal was founded in the early 18th cent. and was ruled from 1844 to 1926 by the begums of Bhopal, famous women leaders. Although the population was mainly Hindu, the princely family was Muslim. Bhopal became part of the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

The city of Bhopal (1991 pop. 1,062,771), the former capital of the principality and now the capital of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by
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, was founded in 1728. It is a trade center with manufactures of cotton cloth, jewelry, electrical goods, and chemicals. Bhopal has a very modern section and an old city, and hills and lakes give the environs much scenic beauty. The city is the seat of several institutions of higher education and a large mosque, the Taj-ul-masjid. There are many sites of historical and archaeological interest in Bhopal and nearby.

In Dec., 1984, a cloud of methyl isocynate gas escaped from the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal. An estimated 3,000 to 7,000 died immediately, 15,000 to 20,000 died from the effects in the years after the disaster, and 50,000 to 100,000 suffered from serious injuries as a result of the world's worst chemical disaster. The Indian government sued on behalf of 570,000 victims and in 1989 settled for $470 million in damages and exempted company employees from criminal prosecution. The Indian judiciary rejected that exemption in 1991, and the company's Indian assets were seized (1992) after its officials failed to appear to face charges. The chairman of Union Carbide's Indian branch and seven other of its Indian employees (one deceased) were convicted of death by negligence in 2010, and later that year the Indian government sued to increase the damages paid to $1.1 billion.

Bhopal

a city in central India, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state and of the former state of Bhopal: site of a poisonous gas leak from a US-owned factory, which killed over 7000 people in 1984 and was implicated in a further 15 000 deaths afterwards. Pop.: 1 433 875 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bhopal district administration had earlier launched an initiative to provide free of cost coaching to students of government schools across the district.
Bhopal completed this book with her great passion for revealing how racism consistently marginalizes and excludes black and minority ethnic (BME) groups in societies where whiteness and white privilege are highly valued.
'The Begums of Bhopal' has been written by Shehryar M.
Between 1819 and 1926 four Muslim women rulers reigned over Bhopal, the second largest Muslim state of India, despite staunch opposition from powerful neighbors and male claimants.
Bhopal Style Week also gave an opportunity to fashion designing students and budding designers to share the common platform with Internationally Fame Designers.
For the last 30 years, the state's imagination on remembering Bhopal has been strictly around the anniversary each year.
The District Malaria Officer of Bhopal, Padmakar Tripathy on Thursday briefed about the symptoms of Dengue.
Sandeep Acharya, Winner, Indian Idol 2 uttered, "The audience of Bhopal is marvelous.
Delhi began with purpose and struck two quick goals to surprise Bhopal Badshahs.
The latest in the list is the former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Kailash Joshi who has been appeased by the party leadership by deciding to shift senior central leader Sushma Swaraj to Vidisha in place of Bhopal as its candidate during the upcoming Lok Sabha polls.
Kirk Nielsen is to be congratulated for locating the whereabouts of Warren Anderson, the CEO of Union Carbide at the time of the Bhopal toxic release ("Warren Anderson's Silence," May issue).