Bhopal


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Bhopal

(bō`päl), former principality, Madhya Pradesh state, central India. A region of rolling downs and thickly forested hills, it is predominantly agricultural. Its Buddhist monuments include the famous stupa (3d cent. B.C.) at Sanchi. Bhopal was founded in the early 18th cent. and was ruled from 1844 to 1926 by the begums of Bhopal, famous women leaders. Although the population was mainly Hindu, the princely family was Muslim. Bhopal became part of the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

The city of Bhopal (1991 pop. 1,062,771), the former capital of the principality and now the capital of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by
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, was founded in 1728. It is a trade center with manufactures of cotton cloth, jewelry, electrical goods, and chemicals. Bhopal has a very modern section and an old city, and hills and lakes give the environs much scenic beauty. The city is the seat of several institutions of higher education and a large mosque, the Taj-ul-masjid. There are many sites of historical and archaeological interest in Bhopal and nearby.

In Dec., 1984, a cloud of methyl isocynate gas escaped from the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal. An estimated 3,000 to 7,000 died immediately, 15,000 to 20,000 died from the effects in the years after the disaster, and 50,000 to 100,000 suffered from serious injuries as a result of the world's worst chemical disaster. The Indian government sued on behalf of 570,000 victims and in 1989 settled for $470 million in damages and exempted company employees from criminal prosecution. The Indian judiciary rejected that exemption in 1991, and the company's Indian assets were seized (1992) after its officials failed to appear to face charges. The chairman of Union Carbide's Indian branch and seven other of its Indian employees (one deceased) were convicted of death by negligence in 2010, and later that year the Indian government sued to increase the damages paid to $1.1 billion.

Bhopal

a city in central India, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state and of the former state of Bhopal: site of a poisonous gas leak from a US-owned factory, which killed over 7000 people in 1984 and was implicated in a further 15 000 deaths afterwards. Pop.: 1 433 875 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Even the British India Company initially opposed female rule in Bhopal until the Begums quoted Queen Victoria as their model and inspiration.
Explore residential property in Bhopal through a genuine way and get a better return on your investment.
I N A startling revelation, it has now emerged that as many as 80 police personnel, posted for security of Bhopal central jail, were deputed on VVIP duty.
He contacted Union Carbide's official physician in Bhopal, Dr.
Bhopal Style Week also gave an opportunity to fashion designing students and budding designers to share the common platform with Internationally Fame Designers.
For the last 30 years, the state's imagination on remembering Bhopal has been strictly around the anniversary each year.
The District Malaria Officer of Bhopal, Padmakar Tripathy on Thursday briefed about the symptoms of Dengue.
Aashima Mall will be a landmark, destination point with benchmark amenities and innovations incorporated to give a never-before shopping and entertainment experience to all the Bhopal fun loving people.
New Delhi, March 5 -- Department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation, Government of MP is providing free of cost medical facilities through its 6 Hospitals and 9 Day Care Units and 3 Ayurvedic, 3 Homeopathic and 3 Unani Dispensaries to the Gas Victims.
New Delhi The Supreme Court yesterday ordered reopening of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy case and issued notices to all seven accused who are currently out on bail.
Kirk Nielsen is to be congratulated for locating the whereabouts of Warren Anderson, the CEO of Union Carbide at the time of the Bhopal toxic release ("Warren Anderson's Silence," May issue).