Bhopal

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Bhopal

(bō`päl), former principality, Madhya Pradesh state, central India. A region of rolling downs and thickly forested hills, it is predominantly agricultural. Its Buddhist monuments include the famous stupa (3d cent. B.C.) at Sanchi. Bhopal was founded in the early 18th cent. and was ruled from 1844 to 1926 by the begums of Bhopal, famous women leaders. Although the population was mainly Hindu, the princely family was Muslim. Bhopal became part of the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

The city of Bhopal (1991 pop. 1,062,771), the former capital of the principality and now the capital of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by
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, was founded in 1728. It is a trade center with manufactures of cotton cloth, jewelry, electrical goods, and chemicals. Bhopal has a very modern section and an old city, and hills and lakes give the environs much scenic beauty. The city is the seat of several institutions of higher education and a large mosque, the Taj-ul-masjid. There are many sites of historical and archaeological interest in Bhopal and nearby.

In Dec., 1984, a cloud of methyl isocynate gas escaped from the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal. An estimated 3,000 to 7,000 died immediately, 15,000 to 20,000 died from the effects in the years after the disaster, and 50,000 to 100,000 suffered from serious injuries as a result of the world's worst chemical disaster. The Indian government sued on behalf of 570,000 victims and in 1989 settled for $470 million in damages and exempted company employees from criminal prosecution. The Indian judiciary rejected that exemption in 1991, and the company's Indian assets were seized (1992) after its officials failed to appear to face charges. The chairman of Union Carbide's Indian branch and seven other of its Indian employees (one deceased) were convicted of death by negligence in 2010, and later that year the Indian government sued to increase the damages paid to $1.1 billion.

Bhopal

a city in central India, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state and of the former state of Bhopal: site of a poisonous gas leak from a US-owned factory, which killed over 7000 people in 1984 and was implicated in a further 15 000 deaths afterwards. Pop.: 1 433 875 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Ballal attended the College of Engineering in Bhopal, India, and in 1993, he received his D.
Dow is the parent company of the Union Carbide Corporation, the chemical manufacturer responsible for the 1984 toxic gas explosion in Bhopal, India.
Nafees Ghaznavi belonged to a well-known family hailing from Bhopal, India.
Other major catastrophes include the 1984 Union Carbide accident in Bhopal, India, which killed more than 2,000 and injured over 100,000, and the 1988 failure of an oil platform operated by Occidental Petroleum in the North Sea, which resulted in about $2,000,000,000 in losses and almost 170 deaths.
I simply could not believe what I was reading: dioxin's health effects on residents in Seveso, Italy--a country with a 90% Roman Catholic population--were so severe that local doctors advised pregnant women to consider having abortions; children playing in the Love Canal neighborhood threw toxic "fire rocks" that exploded when they hit other objects; when asked about the gas released in Bhopal, India, Union Carbide officials claimed it was not toxic and only an irritant, despite thousands of dead animals and people throughout the city.
The 1984 toxic gas leak at a US-owned plant in Bhopal, India, was the world's worst industrial accident.
He could have said he was ready to face the music unlike the Union Carbide executives who corporately massacred thousands of people in Bhopal, India - and whom the US government refused to extradite to face charges of manslaughter, the dead being merely Indian citizens after all.
Sanjay Verma was only five months old when a cloud of poison gas killed his parents and five siblings in Bhopal, India, as they slept in their beds.
1984: More than 3,000 people died in a chemical factory spillage at Bhopal, India.
1984: 2,000 people died when gas was emitted from the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India.
This inspiring woman is in charge of Sambhavna Trust's half-hectare medicinal plot, which provides Ayurvedic herbal medicines to the survivors of the 1984 Union Carbide pesticide plant explosion in Bhopal, India.
The six photos that make up this online album depict the remnants of a poison gas leak in Bhopal, India, which took place nearly 25 years ago.