Bhubaneswar


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Bhubaneswar

(bo͞obänĕ`swär), city (1991 pop. 411,542), capital of Odisha (Orissa) state, E central India, on a distributary of the Mahanadi River. A small town before it became the capital in 1948, it is a modern administrative center and the seat of Utkal Univ. and Orissa Univ. of Agriculture and Technology. There are rolling mills and wire-cable works; the city has an airport. Settlements date back to the reign of AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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 (3d cent. B.C.). Bhubaneswar, a religious center, once had c.7,000 shrines around its sacred lake; the remains of c.500 still stand, displaying many styles of Hindu and Buddhist art and architecture. Lingaraja temple is the most famous. The city was devastated by a cyclone in Oct., 1999.

Bhubaneswar

 

a city in India, in the region of the Mahanadi delta, south of Cuttack. Administrative center of Orissa State (since 1956). Population, 38,200 (1961). The city is a rice market.

Bhubaneswar was first mentioned in the fifth century. In the old part of the city, about 500 of the 7,000 temples that encircled the sacred pond have survived, including classic specimens of pillar-like temples (elaborately carved with adjoining halls and gates): Parasurameswar (eighth century), Mukteswar (c. 950), and Lingaraj (c. 1000; height, about 55 m). The new section of Bhubaneswar (public buildings and residential sections) was built during 1948-56.

REFERENCE

Mitra, D. Bhubaneswar. New Delhi, 1959.
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Bhubaneswar

an ancient city in E India, the capital of Orissa state: many temples built between the 7th and 16th centuries. Pop.: 647 302 (2001)
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