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a city in India, in the region of the Mahanadi delta, south of Cuttack. Administrative center of Orissa State (since 1956). Population, 38,200 (1961). The city is a rice market.
Bhubaneswar was first mentioned in the fifth century. In the old part of the city, about 500 of the 7,000 temples that encircled the sacred pond have survived, including classic specimens of pillar-like temples (elaborately carved with adjoining halls and gates): Parasurameswar (eighth century), Mukteswar (c. 950), and Lingaraj (c. 1000; height, about 55 m). The new section of Bhubaneswar (public buildings and residential sections) was built during 1948-56.
REFERENCEMitra, D. Bhubaneswar. New Delhi, 1959.