Bhumibol Adulyadej

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–2016, king of Thailand (1946–2016), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, he also became in 2000 the longest-reigning ruler in the world. He enjoyed great popular support and became a symbol of national unity. Although his power was largely ceremonial, he actively promoted development projects and was generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. He generally supported democratic rule, but his displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and he subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. He was succeeded by his son, Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun. His name is also romanized as Phumiphon Adunyadet (or Adunlayadet).

Bibliography

See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
In recognition of this profound friendliness, the present King of Thailand MahaVajiralongkorn has made arrangements to expand the projects started by the late King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej up to Sri Lanka.
Exuding moral and fatherly authority, Bhumibol was considered a unifying figure amidst Thailand's numerous military coups and political conflicts during his seven-decade reign.
King Bhumibol was the world's longest-reigning monarch when he died a year ago aged 88.
A Thai woman grieves as she watches a video screen showing the funeral of the late Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej
The adulation Bhumibol inspired was fostered by courtiers who worked to rebuild the prestige of the monarchy after a 1932 coup.
According to FO statement, he participated in the royal cremation ceremony of his majesty, the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, as special Envoy of the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The Prime Minister renewed condolences to the Thai Royal Family and the friendly Thai people, recalling with appreciation the role played by the late King Bhumibol to consolidate stability in his country, as well as his efforts to support peace and stability across the world.
The Thais, who were 'touched by the gesture' of Duterte who paid his respects to the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej in November last year, are also looking forward to meet the President.
More than a month after King Bhumibol Adulyadej's death, Thailand officially has a new monarch.
Summary: Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej's death was long anticipated, but it still came as a profound shock to Thailand.
by Times News Service Thailand's Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn takes part in a ceremony honouring Thailand's late King Bhumibol Adulyadej at the Grand Palace in Bangkok, Thailand, yesterday.